Petition Tag - asia

1. Bring Coldplay to Hong Kong!

How many times have you thought "but why aren't they coming to Hong Kong?" Hong Kong, has for many years been a victim of exclusion from "World Tours," Now that Coldplay is bringing A Head Full of Dreams to Asia, Hong Kong is yet again excluded. To many of us, this was heartbreaking news, and so we sought comfort in the fact that they would be playing shows in nearby cities but ALAS, tickets have been selling out.

So I ask, of you Chris Martin, Jonny Buckland, Guy Berryman and Will Champion: Come!! Thru!! And!! Add!! A!! Date!! For!! Hong Kong!!

2. 4OU TO ASIA (DOLAN TWINS TO ASIA)

We seriously need the twins to come to Asia.

A world tour is not a world tour without Asian countries.

3. End Unsolved Animal Industry Abuse

I need Your Help to Stop the Animal Cruelty in all Counties and states where Animal Abuse is behind closed doors. Where such Horrid Conditions have never been brought to light because of the circumstances.

We need your signatures to be able to abruptly stop the Abuse.

4. Nominate & Vote FIFA'S New Chairman & Vice Presidents

FIFA needs extensive reforms, a transparent body corporate to revive the credibility and transparency of the organization. FIFA needs a person to get the organization get rid off corruption and the culture of non-accountability.

A strong capable leader, a successful business minded person, neutral and transparent to restructure the organization.

FIFA needs new blood. It requires a complete reform of its administrative structure, there must be a fundamental overhaul of the culture inside both management of the organisation and the affiliate regional football associations.

FIFA needs a profound overhaul and deep-rooted structural change. Above all FIFA needs to stop corruption and bribery, and to improve the transparency process in the selection criteria of the winning country selected to be the host of a world cup competition.

5. Say NO to Ivory Trade and the killing of Elephants and Rhinocerousses in Africa & Asia

The governments of some African & some Asian countries like China condone the use of Ivory as an healing item & allow trading which is cruel to the elephants & Rhinoceroses which are killed for their meat & ivory!

6. ASIA wants VANS WARPED TOUR

People all over Asia want to experience this unforgettable fun where perfect music of bands exists.

The Warped Tour is a touring music and extreme sports festival. The tour is held in venues such as parking lots or fields upon which the stages and other structures are erected. The skateboard shoe manufacturer Vans, among others, has sponsored the tour every year since 1995, and it is often referred to as the Vans Warped Tour. The tour started out as a showcase for punk rock music, but its more recent line-ups have featured a diversity of genres.

As of the mid-2000s, the Warped Tour has featured as many as 100 bands per show. The bands play for up to 30 minutes over approximately 10 stages, although the biggest bands generally play the two main stages. Bands typically start at 11:00 a.m. and end around 9:00 p.m., with several bands playing at once. The individual band times and stages where each band play is marked on a large board usually centered in the middle of the venue.

The stages are set up in various locations around the venue to ensure one band's music is not disrupted by the other bands performing at that time. Fans can vote online for the band they want to see play a longer set as the last band of the night.

Source: wiki

7. MANILA wants KIDS IN GLASS HOUSES

We want them here coz they're awesome.

Kids in Glass Houses are a Welsh rock band from Cardiff. The band's name is inspired by the lyrics "not throwing stones at you anymore" from Glassjaw song "Tip Your Bartender".

The band achieved success on the strength of the singles "Give Me What I Want" and "Saturday" off their debut album Smart Casual in 2008. The band released their second album Dirt in early 2010, releasing four singles; most notably "Matters at All". The band's third album, In Gold Blood, was released on 15 August 2011.

8. 香港浸會大學師生要求中國政府立即釋放劉曉波及所有良心犯

諾貝爾和平獎委員會於2010年10月8日,公布頒發諾貝爾和平獎予身在遼寧錦州監獄的劉曉波。劉曉波妻子劉霞在結果公佈後數小時被公安帶走,內地其他異見及維權人士同遭拘留及監視。

9. Demand effective Police work to stop Sale and Production of Child Pornography DVD's in Thailand

Child pornography is being openly sold on the footpaths of the city's busiest road, outraging both tourists and residents who said it would not be tolerated in any other country.

Even there are explicit laws in Thailand which prohibit the distribution or exhibition of obscene materials which is a criminal offence under Section 287 of the penal code of Thailand with the punishment not exceeding three years' imprisonment or fine not exceeding 6,000baht, or both.

Production, distribution and possession of Child Porn is a criminal act under Thai law and punishable ....

http://www.bangkokpost.com/news/local/199391/child-porn-on-streets-stirs-outrage

10. BRING 30 SECONDS TO MARS TO SINGAPORE, ASIA!

WE WOULD LOVE MARS BOYS, JARED , SHANNON , TOMO TO BRING #INTOTHEWILD TOUR TO SINGAPORE AND ASIA! IT'S TIME FOR AN ASIAN TOUR.

PLEASE HELP TO SIGN THIS ECHELON!
WE THANK U!

SINGAPORE ECHELON
(₪ ø lll ·o.)

11. Reduce Bail for our hero Ly Tong

To The Honorable Judge Santa Clara Superior Court Hall of Justice – 190 W. Hedding Street
San Jose , CA 95110
RE: TONG LY
Booking No: 10038315

12. Justice for Century-Old Acacia Trees in Guindulman, Bohol, Philippines

On August 19, 2009, two weeks before the September 8 town fiesta, the century-old acacia trees lining the national highway of the historic town of Guindulman, Bohol, Philippines were cut for the purpose of giving a prominent view of the building claimed by the municipal administration as its major accomplishment.

The mayor’s decision to cut the trees was on the pretext of public safety, however, there was no official report pointing to its hazardous existence. Environmental and structural experts declared the tress safe, part of the scenic sights of the national highways.

She failed to realize how important trees nowadays and their significance in the socio-cultural and historical heritage of the people in Guindulman and the entire Bohol povince.

13. Give us racial equality in Malaysia

Malaysia, Truly Asia - a cultural melting pot where people of different races all live in perfect harmony.

Or so go the tourist ads, issued by the very same government who ingrains racist policy in the very laws of this country, and openly condones racist attitudes. In a multi-ethnic, "highly developed" (HDI 2007) country, it should be political suicide to have a special system of privileges for Malays. However, this is reality in Malaysia, where it is the responsibility of the king to ‘safeguard the special position of the Malays’.

Consider Article 153 of the Malaysian Constitution:

2. – Grants ethnic Malays preferential access to scholarships, exhibitions and similar educational/training prvilleges
6. – Allows an ethnic quota on business permits/licenses for ethnic Malays
8.(c)1.(8A) – Gives the Yang di-Pertuan Agong the right to reserve places for ethnic Malays in universities/other educational institutions after the completion of the Malaysian Certificate of Education (SPM).

News articles which confirm inequality in Malaysia:

“When you set up a company in Malaysia, Bumiputras must own 30%. When a Malaysian company goes public, 30% of the shares must go to Bumiputras--at a discount. Can't find a partner? The International Trade & Industry Ministry will give you a list of "approved Bumiputras" to whom you must sell--or give--a stake.”
(Business Week, 29/07/2002)
Halting aid to Malays courts chaos: Dr M. http://www.malaysiakini.com/news/57983

In addition to this, racist attitudes are openly condoned.

Delay allocation to Chinese only to make them repent:
http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2010/4/29/nation/20100429115917&sec=nation
“Vote BN for ‘easy living’”.
http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2008/2/13/nation/20308489&sec=nation

Clearly, some of us have had enough:

http://www.suaram.net/node/246
Facing Malaysia's racial issues
http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,1687973,00.html

It is detrimental to the economic development of Malaysia, and even international sources agree:

Malaysia is a virtual One Party State: http://www.indianmalaysian.com/sound/modules.php?name=News&file=print&sid=745
Malaysia keeps tiger caged: http://www.thestandard.com.hk/news_detail.asp?we_cat=5&art_id=56728&sid=16259794&con_type=1&d_str=20071113&fc=8

The current state of affairs encourages division in what would otherwise be a far more harmonious society. We hope only for a society that offers fairness to all regardless of ethnicity, whether one is Malay, Chinese, Indian or of the various other races that reside in Malaysia.

Please sign this petition.

14. Bring back Armaan and Riddhima as a pair

Dill Mill Gaye was the story of Armaan and RIddhima and will be their. They are the main lead opposite each other. And no one can come between them.

If we see the previous episodes then we can be realize that they love each other very much than their own life. So we are suggesting to the CVs of DMG that please bring them together as a pair. Otherwise we will stop watching this show.

15. Save Our Sharks, Sabah, Malaysia

Responding to the article below :
http://www.emedia.com.my/detailnews.php?nid=6448&cid=N01

Over 8,000 tons of shark fins are processed each year. The fins only amount to 4% of a shark's bodyweight. This means that some 200,000 tons of shark are thrown back into the sea and discarded.

11,300 hourly, 100millions Sharks were killed annually. Already 18 species of sharks have been listed as endangered by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

Source : http://www.seashepherd.org/sharks/shark-finning.html

The Tourism Department in Sabah has done a great job in promoting the State as an International Diving Site. E.g. Sipadan Island, Mabul, Kapalai and Other Marine Park in Kota Kinabalu.

Sharks play a very important role in the ecosystem. If shark finning continues to be a legal in Sabah it will not be very long before the reefs and diving attractions that draw many International travelers to our waters lose their appeal. The standing that Sabah currently enjoys as a destination in tune with the preservation and promotion of a healthy and vibrant marine ecosystem can only go to ensure future growth revenue so long as they are maintained and not depleted of its shark populations.

Please do check on this link to Save Our Turtles :
http://www.gopetition.com/online/35631.html

16. Freilassung des Gewissensgefangenen, Pfarrer Tadeo Nguyen Van Ly

In dem inszenierten Gerichtprozess des kommunistischen Regime Vietnams vom 30. März 2007 in Hue wurde Pfarrer Nguyen Van Ly zu 8 Jahren Haft wegen "Propaganda gegen die Regierung der SR Vietnams" nach Artikel 88 des Strafgesetzbuches verurteilt. Seitdem befindet er im Gefängnis Ba Sao in Isolierhaft in der Provinz Ha Nam. Pfarrer Nguyen Van Ly verbringt insgesamt 17 Jahre im kommunistischen Gefängnis Vietnams wegen seines friedlichen Einsatzes für die Menschenrechte und Religionsfreiheit. Er wurde von Amnesty International mehrfach "Gewissensgefangener" benannt und ist Träger mehrer Menschenrechtspreise wie Hellman / Hammett, Salom etc...

In der universellen periodischen Staatenüberprüfung (UPR) des UN- Menschenrechtsrates am 8. Mai 2009 wurde Vietnam vorgeschlagen, einige Gesetze zu ändern, darunter wurde auch der Artikel 88 des Strafgesetzbuches genannt, da diese Gesetze nicht nur gegen die allgemeine Erklärung der Menschenrechte und gegen den Internationalen Pakt über bürgerliche und politische Rechte, sondern auch gegen die Verfassung der Sozialistischen Republik Vietnam verstoßen.

Pfarrer Nguyen Van Ly hatte im 2009 drei Schlaganfälle erlitten. Der letzte Anfall fand am 14. November 2009 statt. Ihm war dabei so unwohl, dass die Gefängniswächter den Pfarrer ins Polizei-Krankenhaus 198 in Hanoi brachten. Dort befand er sich in einem verschlossenen Raum, in dem er vom Wachdienst der Geheimpolizei den ganzen Tag überwacht wurde. Obwohl sich sein Gesundheitszustand noch nicht deutlich verbessert hatte, hat die Polizei ihn nach fast einem Monat wieder ins Gefängnis Ba Sao zurückgebracht, wieder in Einzelhaft. Am 1. Februar 2010 besuchte ihn seine Schwester, Frau Nguyen Thi Hieu. Sie hat über ihn wie folgt berichtet: "Pfarrer Ly kann wegen seiner gelähmten Hand nicht mehr schreiben. Gehen geht schwer, da er die Krücken und eine Begleitperson zum Stützen benötigt. Pfarrer Ly nimmt keine Medikamente vom Gefängnis an, sondern ausschließlich nur die von den Familienangehörigen gebrachten Medikamente. Er sagte, dass er nicht wie das letzte Mal wieder ins Krankenhaus eingeliefert werden will, falls ein neuer Schlaganfall wieder auftreten wird. Er wünscht, dass wir ihn öfter besuchen.".

17. Stop animal sacrifice Nepal

In Nepal annually hundreds of thousands of animals are killed in the name of culture and religion, some in an extremely cruel manner.

After 200.000 animals were killed at Gadhimai festival in 2009, the Animal Welfare Network Nepal launched a 5-year campaign aiming at a phase wise ban on blood sacrifices. We call on the government to support our efforts.

18. Media and democracy in South Korea: Save Mediact

The world has watched as South Korea has moved from dictatorship toward democracy, over the last half a century at great cost. However, democracy, including incredible advances made in the culture and media sectors, has suffered serious damage in South Korea under the Lee Myung-bak regime. This damage has been inflected by way of unilateral passage of new media and news laws, the Grand National Party's (GNP) and conservative newspapers' attempt to take-over of public broadcasting and the evening news in particular, and the replacement of major broadcasting networks' executives with pro-government figure. Furthermore, a principle of checks-and-balances among the executive, the legislative, and the judicial branches of the government has been repeatedly violated and weakened the legitimacy of democratic governance.

South Korea in the past two years has been witness to the use of the Public Prosecutor's Office to detain and question journalists critical of the government, infringing on the professional autonomy of rank-and-file reporters and threatening the development of a free and independent press. In addition, the National Tax Service has been used to mobilize politically-motivated institutional audits, while various ministries have been involved in the revocation of NGO licenses and contracts, forced personnel changes, budget cuts, imposition of a real name registration system, pressing of charges of national security violations, and investigations into family members of media movement activists and cultural sector leaders that have been classified as "Born in the Time of DJ (Kim Dae-jung), and Raised by Roh Moo-hyun."

During the past year there have been several forced resignations and/or illegal firings, many of which the Seoul Administrative Court has determined have been illegal but not reversible. While the list is extensive and include the massive personnel and budget cuts at both South Korea's Truth and Reconciliation Commission and the NHRCK that violates the latter's autonomy outlined and protected under Article 10 of the Constitution, notable incidents include:
* Arts Council Korea (ARKO) Chief Executive Officer and Chairman Kim Jung-heun
* National Museum of Contemporary Art Director Kim Yoon-soo
* Korean National University of Arts President Hwang Ji-woo
* KBS President Jung Yun-joo
* KBS Director Shin Tae-seop
* National Human Rights Commission of Korea (NHRCK) Chairperson Ahn Kyung-whan

There have also been:
* many resignations made under political protest of four MBC Board of Directors members and media personality Kim Je-dong
* the parachute appointment of the YTN president
* the defunding of Migrant Worker TV
* the defunding of the Seoul Human Rights Film Festival hosted by Sarangbang
* defunding of RTV (national public access satellite cable channel/ a must-carry channel that launched in 2007)
* an attack on Article 38 of the Broadcast Law stipulating that funds are to be used for supporting viewer-produced programs and providing broadcast access to those otherwise excluded from the mainstream
* shut-down of Indie-Space

These and numerous other instances that suggest consequences of a democracy that is taking backward steps in South Korea have been drawing international attention, including from:
* Experts serving on the United Nations (UN) Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR)
* Reporters without Borders (Reporters sans frontieres, RSF) (According to its 2009 World Press Freedom index, South Korea has dropped 30 places in the past year under President Lee)
* Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ)
* Amnesty International
* International Coordinating Committee (ICC) of National Institutions for the Promotion and Protection Human Rights
* Asia Pacific Forum of National Human Rights Institutions
* Asia Human Rights Commission & a Statement From Professors In North America Concerned About Korean Democracy.

In addition to calls being made to KOFIC at (02)958-7521 or 02-9587-526 and emails being sent to snowmt@kofic.or.kr ...

19. Immediate Release of Bharpoor Singh

A Sikh Man Detained by Tokyo immigration .

20. Stop Church Arson

Please stop the discrimination actions among religion or belief, start with stop the action of church arson.

21. Fix the Manila's LRT speakers!

- LRT speakers are busted or foul sounding.

- Everytime I get on it, I am ashamed of the sound that comes out of it.

- Person speaking on the speakers can hardly be heard and is very unprofessional (I am ashamed of tourists getting on the MRT).

22. 「反高鐵.保民生.向高鐵撥款說不!」社福界聯署聲明

為什麼港府對窮人錙銖必較,對富人卻可慷慨解囊,大花669億興建高鐵?


為什麼港府可以從沒諮詢受影響居民而決定走線?


近日一些朋友團體就政府高鐵方案顯示的種種問題及18號立法會財務委員會可能通過政府669億巨額的撥款要求深感不安,希望能集合關心社會發展、民生福祉、致力改善貧富縣殊、心繫民主發展的社福界人仕集體發聲,就以下三點提出我們的意見及要求:


1.反對政府在推行高鐵方案過程中欠諮詢、隱瞞資料、不尊重村民不遷不拆的訴求、不回應大角咀及其他高鐵沿線受影響居民的查詢並拒絕對話、賤視民間專家及市民意見等黑箱作業的尊斷獨裁作風;


2. 要求政府應以公平、公開、公正原則善用公帑,並以投資改善民生建設、發展本土經濟為先,展開如何有責任地運用669憶的社會討論;


3. 要求立法會議員於18號財務委員會撥款上監察政府、維護市民公平受惠的權利,反對撥款。


初步構思的行動包括:

1. 就以上各點草擬一份聲明、廣傳社福界及服務使用者,邀請聯署,希望能在15號前收集一千個簽名 (網址http://www.gopetition.com/online/32743.html)


2. 在本月15號就聯署要求在立法會(近愛丁堡廣場)召開記者會,公佈網上聯署結果,並要求立法會議員回應。有興趣出席的同工可聯絡女工會胡美蓮27904848或正委會葉寶琳25603865,或電郵予chun@cheungkwokche.hk。


3. 在本月17號在蘋果日報刊登聯署聲明。


懇切希望你們能加入聯署行動,並就刊登聯署聲明作出捐款。


請於2009年12月16日或之前,將聯署費用(個人/團體捐款HK$50或以上)以劃線支票(抬頭請註明「香港天主教正義和平委員會」)形式寄到「西灣河大石街一號李宏基牧民中心302室」,或直接存入正委的銀行戶口(匯豐銀行082-013533-001),收據請傳真至25398023或寄到以上地址。


謝謝!

23. Put Miss Sri Lanka in the Miss World Leader board

* Fight against injustice to competitors of the Miss World by false rankings.

* Challenge the misleading ranks without looking at proper evidence.

* Create awareness about MISS Sri Lanka.

24. The International Red Cross must have full access to West Papua!

West Papua is one of the poorest areas in Indonesia where most of the people live at subsistence level with appalling health, welfare and education problems. This despite its vast reserves of copper, gold, oil, gas, and virgin hardwood forests. None of the profit from plundering these resources goes to the people of West Papua.

We support the West Papuans in their right to self determination to decide their own future. However, there is an excessively high number of Indonesian troops and military style police (estimates range between 12,000 - 30,000; we are unable to confirm these numbers due to lack of transparency) stationed in this region. There is no open and free access to the country.

The Red Cross is an impartial independent organisation with an exclusive humanitarian mission. Since 1949 the Red Cross has had an international mandate conferred on it by the Geneva Conventions, which task the ICRC with visiting prisoners, organising relief operations, re-uniting separated families and similar humanitarian activities during armed conflicts.

The Statutes of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement encourage these organisations to undertake similar work in situations of internal violence, where the Geneva Conventions do not apply.

25. Australian Award for Timor-Leste

During 1942, seven hundred Australian soldiers of the 2/2 and 2/4 Independent Companies were sent to the neutral Portuguese colony of Timor, just off the north-west coast of Australia.

The Japanese army was moving south rapidly and the island of Timor was seen as a possible place from which Australia could be attacked. The few Australians conducted a successful guerilla campaign against the thousands of Japanese military who subsequently arrived. The Timorese people sided with the Australians, feeding, sheltering and guiding them.

Young men carried the Australians' packs, led them through the jungles, advised on the best attacking positions and proved themselves loyal companions. They took them to their homes and the families shared what they had, nursing the Australians when they were wounded or sick. The toll on the Timorese was heavy, with at least 40,000 civilians dying as a result of Japanese reprisals and Australian bombing raids on Japanese positions. The Australians who returned testify to the courage, generosity and kindness of the Timorese.

There has yet been no official Australian recognition of this unique contribution to the welfare of Australians during the War, nor of the toll exacted on the small Timorese population.

26. Support Bamboo Planting and Utilization: Best Solution to Climate Change

After the conduct of the 2009 INBAR training/workshop on Non-Timber Forest Products in Zheijang, China, it has been established that one of the best if not the best solution to the climate change problem is massive planting of bamboo worldwide. This is considering the natural characteristics of this miracle plant as follows:

1. It is the fastest growing plant in the planet. Some species can actually grow up to 4 feet per day.

2. It is much more sustainable compared to trees. 1 tree planted equals 1 tree harvested at a minimum waiting time of 10 years, whereas, 1 bamboo planted equals more than a hundred that can be harvested at a maximum waiting time of only 5 years and it just grows and grows and multiplies continuously.

3. It is much easier to grow compared to trees. It can grow at any elevation, does not require fertilization and requires little water.

4. It ABSORBS 35% more carbon dioxide and also EMITS 35% more oxygen compared to trees making it the best solution for CARBON SEQUESTRATION. Even finished products like boards, floors, furniture, activated charcoal, cloth, paper, etc will retain carbon for decades.

5. It is the BEST SOURCE OF BIO-OIL/FUEL and BIO-COAL. Copra, oil palm, jathropa, sugar cane, sorghum, cassava, moringa and other sources could not compare with bamboo. This will result in significantly reducing our dependence on fossil fuel which is one of the major causes of climate change and air pollution. Other advantages that can be derived in utilizing bamboo for bio-fuel are;
a. reduce GHG emissions, another major cause of climate change,
b. establishment of land cover which will also result in water conservation and flood control.

6. If massive planting of bamboo will be done worldwide, the climate change problem will be TOTALLY GONE in a matter of only 6 YEARS.

Incidentally, bamboo planting and utilization will also significantly reduce poverty as evidenced by China's bamboo-based industries.

1. Income from bamboo farming is 7 times more compared to rice farming.

2. The bamboo-based industries income of China derived from its 7 million hectares of bamboo plantations last year 2008 was US$15billion.

3. It is the best substitute for wood and its tensile strength is higher than that of soft steel. More use of bamboo and less of wood will be good for the planet.

4. Bamboo is a source of food, lumber, charcoal, pulp for paper, medicines, cloth, some chemicals, bio-oil/fuel, bio-coal and a lot more.

5. Investing in bamboo-based industries will;
a. generate more jobs
b. save foreign exchange
c. motivate countryside economy which will be good for overall economy.

27. Commend the Magellan's Cross as a World Heritage Site

The Magellan's Cross is located in Cebu City, in the Republic of the Philippines.

On April 21, 1521, Portuguese and Spanish explorers, upon orders by Ferdinand Magellan, planted this beautiful artifact of Christianity (specifically Roman Catholicism) in the Philippines.

28. Give 8-year-old rape victim, Na-Young, the justice she deserves

One morning on her way to school, Na-Young was dragged to a public toilet by a 50 year old man. He was under the influence of alcohol at the time of the incident, according to information from the police department. She was beaten and strangled, then violently raped and sexually tortured.

After that was done, in an attempt to destroy the evidence, he then inserted a pump (used for blocked toilets) into her anus in attempt to extract his semen which led to severe ruptures in her large intestines. Then, he tried to push the organs back inside her using the long stick of the pump. During this process, he completelydamaged her genital organs.

He then flushed her blood and other traces of her organs down the toilet, washed her and made her sit upright. After having another intercourse with her, he ran away leaving Na-Young to die.

This 57-year-old man was only sentenced to 12 years in jail.

With this online petition, we hope to get the Korean government to review this case and give a heavier sentence to the perpetrator.

If you feel outraged by this case, please sign this petition to help Na Young gets the justice she deserves.

Perhaps, with just this simple gesture, Na Young and her family might be able to lead their lives in a better way, knowing that there are people out there who care for them.

Links:

http://www.soompi.com/forums/index.php?showtopic=314635&st=0&p=14642831&#entry14642831

http://www.facebook.com/search/?q=na+young&init=quick#/group.php?gid=141977509759

http://koreabeat.com/?p=10747

http://www.koreaherald.co.kr/NEWKHSITE/data/html_dir/2009/10/01/200910010061.asp

29. Call for Hydropower Dam Safety Reassessment

The Zipingpu hydropower dam in Sichuan was built in 2002 and completed in 2006, soon after the reservoir was filled and put in operation, on May 12, 2008, a massive earthquake, magnitude 7.9 hit the region and reportedly killed 69,000 people, rendering anywhere from 4.8 to 11 millions people homeless.

China and the world were shocked by the stunning catastrophe, in July 8, 2008, a group of Chinese environmentalists and scholars submitted the appeal to the Chinese government for dam safety assessments in geologically unstable south-west China. The petition was first reported on in the First Business Daily (Diyi caijing bao) on June 12, 2008 and translated by Three Gorges Probe. The petition is summarized below:

Chinese environmentalists and scholars appeal for dam safety assessments in geologically unstable south-west China.

One of the most glaring problems revealed by the disaster is that of dam safety. The Wenchuan earthquake has exposed three important issues regarding the construction of dams in southwest China:

• Whether it is appropriate to build big reservoirs and high dams in areas where there are seismic belts?

• Whether there is a possibility that mistakes were made in the assessment of seismic intensities during the planning stages of the dam?

• Whether the construction of big reservoirs and high dams in fault belts could trigger powerful earthquakes?

We hope that the relevant government departments will give serious consideration to these questions.

Dam safety is one of the most serious problems exposed by this disaster. In the fifteenth news conference on May 25, the deputy minister of Water Resources revealed that 2,380 reservoirs throughout eight provinces and cities including Sichuan, Chongqing and Shaanxi had been placed in danger because of the earthquake. The main problems included: dam cracking, dam sliding, destroyed spillways, collapsed outlets, breakwater walls broken, collapsed reservoir embankments, and so on. In Sichuan province alone, 69 dams are in danger of collapse, 310 have been deemed high risk, and 1,424 pose a moderate risk.

The damage resulting from the earthquake itself has been extensive, but if anything were to go wrong with the dams and reservoirs as a result of the earthquake, the whole area downstream would be inundated, and the casualties and property loss would be greater than those caused by the earthquake itself.

Now, apart from investigating the damage to dams and ensuring their safety, which is a little like mending the fold after the sheep have escaped, it is imperative to re-examine the plans to develop water resources in an unprecedented scale in the southwest region of China. The Wenchuan earthquake has highlighted three very important questions about dam construction in the southwest of China, all of which merit serious consideration.

1. Whether it is appropriate to build big reservoirs and high dams in areas where there are geological fault belts?

The southwest of China is geologically complex and affected by movement of the tectonic plates, especially on the eastern edge of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau bordering on Sichuan and the mountains and gorges in the northwest of Yunnan, which are products of the violent lifting and splitting of the earth’s crust. Areas such as this contain the most abundant water resources in China and have become the most important hydroelectric generating areas. Of the 13 hydropower development zones1 in China’s planned hydro-electricity generation program, the three most important are the Jinsha River, Yalong River and Dadu River zones, which are in western Sichuan and northwest of Yunnan. The zones on the upper reaches of the Yangtze River, as well as the Nanpan River and Hongshui River hydroelectric zones all straddle the provinces of Sichuan and Yunnan, and the Lancang River and Nu River hydroelectric zones are in the northwest part of Yunnan. (See Figure 1: Map of Yunnan Seismic Faults and Dam locations on The Lancang-Maekong)

Consider also that both Sichuan and Yunnan are the two provinces where the most earthquakes have occurred in China. They are part of the Sichuan-Yunnan earthquake zone of the north-south earthquake belts, where the magnitude and frequency of earthquakes in China is highest. Many of the cascade of hydro dams already built or planned to be built in the southwest will be built in earthquake zones. For example, the cascade of hydropower plants in the upper reaches of the Min River are located in the Songfan and Longmenshan seismic belts; the cascade of dams on the Dadu River (tributary of the Yangtze) have been and will be built in the Xianshuihe seismic belt; the cascade of dams built on the Yalong River (tributary of the Yangtze) are very close to the Anninghe-Zemuhe seismic belt; the Xiluodu dam on the Jinsha River (main channel of the upper Yangtze) is being built in the Yongshan seismic belt, and the dam projects proposed in the Lancang-Mekong and Nu rivers are located in the Three Parallel Rivers tectonic active belt.

The southwest area of China is geologically fragile and mud-rock-flows and landslides are common. Building a series of big reservoirs and high dams with a height over 100 metres -- and even over 300 metres -- is dangerous. Destruction of the rock mass along the reservoir is likely to occur as a result of large scale excavations of embankment slopes and large scale construction of highways and tunnels after the reservoir is filled. In the event of a strong earthquake, the above activities would exaggerate landslides, mud-rock-flows and landmass collapses, and even result in secondary disasters such as severe flooding or collapses caused by earthquake lakes. Thus we have to pay more serious attention to the hidden troubles and risks created for people living along the banks of rivers.

2. Whether there is a possibility that mistakes were made in the assessment of seismic intensities during the planning stages of the dam?

When questioned about the safety issue on the cascade of hydro dams built in the geologically unstable areas of southwest China, both the government and power companies usually responded in a confident way, emphasizing how the design of the big reservoirs and high dams was scientifically examined through the feasibility study, and how sound the choice of seismic intensity was to ensure the dams could withstand earthquakes and ensure safety. The Wenchuan earthquake, however, has demonstrated that there were flaws in the assessment of the risk of seismic activity related to dam building in this area.

Zipingpu Dam, the largest reservoir on the upper reaches of the Min River is a good example. Located 9 kilometres upstream of Dujiangyan, with a storage capacity of 1.1 billion cubic metres and a 156-metre high dam, the Zipingpu is a gigantic project. So it is no wonder that, as water experts described, the reservoir is “like a huge basin of water hanging over the heads of millions of people living in Chengdu and surrounding area.” As seismology and water resources experts revealed, in the feasibility study for Zipingpu, scientists anticipated a maximum seismic intensity of 7 in the dam site area, but the actual seismic intensity at the dam site was much higher than that because the dam site is only 17 kilometres away from the earthquake’s epicentre. As a specialist in earthquake prevention related to hydro dams said, “given such a high seismic intensity at the epicentre and the distance between the epicentre and the dam site, the seismic intensity at Zipingpu should have been between 8 and 9, which was a totally unforeseen event.”

Located high above the Chengdu Plain, close to the world heritage-listed Dujiangyan diversion and irrigation system, and as one of the key dam projects in the campaign of “Grand Development in the West,” the plan to build the Zipingpu dam attracted a wide range of debate even from the beginning of its feasibility study. And what worried a number of people in the country most was concern about the geological instability in the area, where it was proposed Zipingpu be built.

It has turned out that mistakes were made in the feasibility study of the Zipingpu dam, which now makes people uneasy and ask the question, if such mistakes could be made in such a key dam project as Zipingpu, how about the other cascade dams built in the geological fault belts of the same Min valley? Could the same mistakes have been made with those other cascade of dams in the Min valley? And does the same problem exist with big hydro dams which have been and will be built in other rivers such as the Dadu, Yalong, Jinsha, Lancang-Mekong and Nu rivers?

3. Whether the construction of big reservoirs and high dams in fault belts could trigger powerful earthquakes?

The epicentre of the huge Wenchuan earthquake was only five and a half kilometres away from the shoreline of Zipingpu reservoir. Based on studies by experts, the Zipingpu reservoir is located in an area of geological instability, with the notorious Longmenshan fault belts cutting right through the reservoir and surrounding area. Thus there are good reasons for people to wonder if the big reservoir induced such a record-breaking earthquake along the Longmenshan fault belts, which occurred after the reservoir had been filled.

As a disaster induced by human engineering projects, RIS (reservoir-induced seismicity) has caused wide attention around the world. According to data provided by experts from the Changjiang Water Resources Commission of the Ministry of Water Resources at the conferences of the feasibility study for the Three Gorges project, reservoirs with a dam height over 100 metres have a 7 percent chance of RIS in China; globally, reservoirs with a dam height over 200 metres would have a 34 percent likelihood of RIS. Worldwide, even though there are only four examples of dam and reservoir project construction having caused earthquakes with a magnitude over 6 (and the one with the highest magnitude was 6.5), these four dams were all located in areas of geological stability, which began with a low risk of naturally occurring earthquakes.

Not only is the Zipingpu dam built in an earthquake zone and an area with an active fault belt, but more and more hydro dam projects have been built and are planned for west Sichuan and northwest Yunnan, an area of high mountains and deep gorges, where new tectonic movement is occurring and seismic activity is frequent. While conducting the feasibility study for the Three Gorges project, experts from the departments of geology and seismology acknowledged that, “Currently, there are neither proper theories, nor methods of assessing and predicting RIS. And studies on the mechanism of how RIS occurs is still in the hypothetical stage.” In such circumstances, therefore, we simply must consider the risks of rashly going ahead with the development of hydroelectric power on an unprecedented scale, in such a geologically unstable area.

30. 譴責立法會保安無理拘捕多名70多歲菜園村村民

昨日十五名在立法會內的菜園村居民及支援組成員,因運輸及房屋局局長鄭汝華聲稱「見過村民四十次」,在旁聽席上批評其說假,休會期間被以「藐視立法會」的罪名集體拘捕,當中4名七十歲以上、5名六十多歲的村民被押送到海傍警署,竟直至晚上十時才獲准保釋。