Petition Tag - breeders

1. The Georgie Movement for Responsible Breeding

Recently my 1 year old puppy died as a result of over breeding and in-breeding. His death has been very hard but it has also made me realize it's time this ridiculousness stops!

I'm sick of seeing flat faced dogs and cats who struggle to breath properly, I'm tired of seeing sick dogs with a very under developed immune system just because the breeder decided to rip the litter away from their mothers breasts to that they can remain small.

Georgie was a casualty of this greed and stupidity! It's time it stops!

2. Microchip Legislation

This petition has been started to change the legislation concerning pet microchips.

It has been done for, but not limited to, the following reasons:

It would allow vets, as recognized identifiers, to confirm ownership once scanning has been completed.
It also has the potential to discover any stolen pets.
It would give breeders the choice of either reclaiming or re-homing a pet if it has been surrendered, abandoned or lost.
This has the potential to uncover any breeders/sellers who are either unsuitable themselves or who are selling to unsuitable buyers.


3. Change of Municipal By-Laws for Animal Breeders Jhb

Due to the fact that Johannesburg, Roodepoort & surrounding areas are drowning in the amount of domestic animals looking for their forever homes, it is our wish to start up a petition for by-laws to be changed in all municipalities to those of the Cape, where breeders have to be registered & are fined heavily if they over-step the breeding guidelines.

At the moment, the SPCA has no jurisdiction with breeders & puppy mills who are pumping puppies out by the thousands. The parents especially the mothers of such puppies are at times housed in appalling conditions & suffer from many medical conditions. Such conditions are not always treated. Furthermore, the babies born are often misformed due to inter-breeding, they are often sold before they are ready to leave their mothers, are infested with fleas and or ticks or worse, die from worm infestations. The fathers are dumped at shelters or worse when they start to get old or may be fighting with other males.

It is also our hope that somehow with all of this in place, we can adopt guidelines for dogs being used within security businesses as well to highlight the plight many of them face.

We feel strongly that guidelines should be in place to protect our animals who are mostly seen as a source of income and are often dumped at SPCA's or merely abandoned once they become too old or cannot breed due to ill health.

We see no reason why SARS could not become involved as this could become quite lucrative for them & the government.

4. AKC Please Lead the Fight Against the New APHIS Rule

[Please note: While you are encouraged to provide as much information as you are comfortable with, there are only TWO fields which are actually required: (1) Your email address (which is NEVER made public) and, (2) Your name (which you can hide from public view by checking the appropriate box on the signature form. Comments are very valuable, and can also be hidden from public view.]

We urge the American Kennel Club to seek an injunction to block the new APHIS rule from going into effect.

In June of 2012, the AKC published a petition in "support of the AKC’s comments to the USDA in opposition to the proposed regulations as written." That petition received over 74,000 signatures.

In September of 2013, the final version of the APHIS rule was published in the Federal Register and will become the law on November 18, 2013.

In its petition, the AKC wrote: "As the leader and expert in breeding and maintaining dogs for more than a century, the AKC supports responsible breeders and dog owners through its educational and inspections programs. As the only purebred dog registry with a care and conditions of dogs policy - which we have recently enhanced to create a comprehensive policy for the welfare of all dogs - more than 55,000 inspections have been conducted since 2000. We know through experience that regardless of the number of dogs owned or the manner in which breeders interact with potential puppy buyers, a “one size fits all” breeder regulation is unfair and unenforceable."

In the preamble to its petition, the AKC wrote: "It is unreasonable to expect small breeders, who may keep a handful of intact females in their homes, to be able to meet exacting USDA commercial kennel engineering standards that were never intended for home environments. Other pre-existing restrictions such as local ordinances, insurance or licensing may also prevent hobbyists from adapting their facilities."

That situation has not changed. Statements and the implied nuances of representations made by government officials during conference calls and generic responses to specific questions, such as we will make decisions on a "case by case" basis are rarely ever successfully used as a defense to subsequent allegations of non-compliance with the "letter of the law" as set out in the final regulation. In short, the validity of those representations have the life span of a "love letter written in the sand at the water's edge during low tide".

Living under USDA licensing is NOT an option for the average home-based retail seller. The average house cannot be converted to a USDA compliant facility. Federal standards for licensed facilities dictate sanitation measures not feasible in a normal home, surfaces that are impervious to moisture, ventilation, bio-hazard control, veterinary care, exercise, temperature controls, waste disposal systems, diurnal lighting, drainage systems, washrooms, perimeter fencing, as well as transportation standards for regulated animals.

Given the immense uncertainty and confusion about how the rule will actually be enforced, it is imperative that the AKC act to seek an injunction.

5. Postpone Proposed Kennel license By-Law extension

This petition has been created as a result of citizen initiated concern about the proposed By-law No. 2002-189 with respect to kennels, and to make our Ottawa City Councillors & the Mayor aware of this.

The proposed by-law, as written, will create much hardship for many dog/cat oriented operations in the Ottawa region.

The City has been working on this By-law since 2002 and has now only given your citizens 8 working days from publication to finish.

There is insufficient time for citizens to get our comments to you and also for your staff to assess those comments.

6. Join With the AKC to Protect Responsible Small Breeders

Join with the American Kennel Club to express your concerns about the harsh and unintended consequences that the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s proposed regulations (RIN 0579-AD57) to redefine “retail pet store” would have on responsible small and hobby breeders.

Under the proposed regulations, breeders - who maintain more than four “breeding females” and who sell even one puppy sight unseen, by any means (including online, by mail or by telephone), would now be regulated as commercial breeders by the USDA. The effect of these proposed regulations would be to take away the public’s opportunity to obtain puppies from some of our nation’s top breeders who in many cases, have dedicated their lives to breeding for health, breed type and temperament.

Under current law, the federal Animal Welfare Act exempts from federal oversight “retail pet stores,” which sell puppies directly to a final customer for use as pets. This exemption means that most non-commercial small or hobby breeders do not have to be licensed and regulated by the USDA. The proposed rule rescinds the exempt “retail pet store” status of anyone selling pets at retail to buyers who do not physically enter the breeder’s facilities in order to personally observe the animals available for sale.

The rule also requires anyone who owns more than four “breeding females” and sells puppies, cats or other small/exotic pets “sight unseen,” by any means, to be licensed, regulated and inspected as a USDA commercial breeder.

The AKC shares the USDA’s concern about substandard Internet puppy sellers that operate outside the current regulations. However, the unintended consequences of this proposed rule create unreasonable hardships on small hobby breeders. This rule could threaten the future of a vast number of small responsible dog breeders and the very existence of some rare breeds in the United States.

The rule creates an unfair burden on small breeders who may depend on the ability to place dogs very selectively in known situations without physically meeting with the purchaser at the specific time of sale. Likewise, many hobbyists are comfortable purchasing an animal sight-unseen based on known pedigrees, bloodlines, previous relationships or personal knowledge of each other’s facilities and programs. Such scenarios are particularly common and necessary for breeders and fanciers of rare breeds. The proposed rule does not make allowances if the purchaser is willing to sign a waiver of an in-person sale requirement.

It is unreasonable to expect small breeders, who may keep a handful of intact females in their homes, to be able to meet exacting USDA commercial kennel engineering standards that were never intended for home environments. Other pre-existing restrictions such as local ordinances, insurance or licensing may also prevent hobbyists from adapting their facilities.

7. Breeders kill Shelter Dogs’ Chances! Tell McClouds you wont shop at their store until they stop selling puppies!

Breeders Kill Shelter Dogs’ Chances! Of an estimated 8 million pets that end up in shelters every year in the U.S., approximately 4 million are put to death because a home could not be found for them. Meanwhile, only 24% of U.S. household pets are adopted from animal shelters or rescue agencies.

People supplying pet stores are 'Backyard Breeders' who do not care about the welfare of the animals they breed, they are only trying to make money.There is no such thing as a "responsible" breeder, because for every puppy or kitten who is produced by any breeder, an animal awaiting adoption at an animal shelter loses his or her chance at finding a home—and will be euthanized.

Selling animals denies homes to homeless and unwanted animals who await adoption in animal shelters.

8. Compulsory De-sexing of Cats and Dogs for non-Registered Breeders

We strongly believe that the majority of Registered Cat and Dog Breeders in Australia are doing the right thing. Changes need to happen with non-registered backyard breeders and the large number of pets in society which are not being de-sexed and are falling pregnant accidentally.

We are asking for your support in this petition to let the Australian Government know that, you also want a law change to require people who are not Registered Breeders to desex their cats and dogs. If such a change did happen we believe there would be a huge reduction in the number of unwanted cats and dogs ending up in shelters and euthanasia across Australia.

9. Veterinary Thermal Diagnostics

**This petition is a feasibility research tool for my proposed business concept.**

As a non-invasive diagnostic tool, thermal images can detect subtle ‘heat’ anomalies which are sensitive indicators of early inflammatory change in soft tissues and circulatory discrepancies.

Thermographs can detect the onset of inflammatory reaction in joints and tendons up to two weeks prior to clinical appearance of lameness, and enable the practitioner to instantly visualize neurovascular changes and musculoskeletal abnormalities. Imagine the possibilities of this diagnostic tool when applied to artificially inseminated deer. Thermal images will enable you to detect a successful AI and monitor it’s progress. As well as, inspect the reproductive organs PRIOR to AI.

Thermography is a well-documented,(since the 1960’s in veterinary discipline), powerful, non-invasive diagnostic modality that can help the client and their veterinarian detect, confirm, and document a problem BEFORE the onset of complications and a more serous injury. Before thermography, veterinarians could rely only on observation or palpation to locate a problem, but with thermography, an abnormality can be defined as a thermographic or infrared anomaly that identifies stress before the onset of damage.

These subtle thermal abnormalities revel: fevers, infestations, circulatory problems, bacterial & viral sickness and musculoskeletal injuries.

In summary, the use of thermography in the equine, other athletic animals and farming is not new to veterinary medicine. However, we are just beginning to understand the potential applications and benefits that it offers when used to evaluate, treat, monitor and rehabilitate the deer breeding and large game ranchers. This niche in industry is void of competition, which enables me the perfect opportunity. My business concept is to provide these services, on-site, for deer breeders, ranchers, wildlife insurance underwriters and live stock auctioneers. Then, refer my client, with images and report, to a Veterinarian as needed.

*Seed investors welcome

10. Abolish Australian Canine Eye Scheme (ACES)

If you go to the above website you will be able to print this out to read, at your leisure, before signing the petition at the bottom of this page.

This is a petition for registered breeders only. All other interested parties please use the forum page to have your say. Everybody welcome. All comments welcome. Be anonymous on the forum page, if you wish.

We have two issues with ACES, which are:
A) the implementation of THIS particular eye scheme (ACES) and in fact
B) the implementation of ANY eye scheme or regulation for breeders.

If you, as a breeder, have any reservations about either of these issues, please sign this petition. To make it a credible appeal, please include your breed and registration number. It is much easier to stop ACES at this point until all the problems have been resolved rather than in a number of years when we are dealing with the consequences and the fallout of the ACES and other schemes.

The Australian Canine Eye Scheme (ACES) has been presented to breeders as a tool to deal with eye health problems in recognised dog breeds. While the sentiments of ACES are those that are held by all respectable breeders in Australia, its draconian regulation of breeders is unnecessary and particularly unacceptable under the conditions set out by ACES. All responsible breeders have been testing their breeding stock appropriately and with great success without the hindrance of any scheme for many years. In its current form, outlined in the documents: Information For Owners and Rules and Procedures, there are many anomalies and distressful concerns which affect to control all breeders, even those who are lucky enough to have breeds that do not have any known genetic eye diseases at this time. ACES is a precedence for other intrusive schemes in the future. All breeders should reject ACES for the reasons discussed below. We would ask all breeders to carefully read the above named documents.

These two documents are important and can also be found at: . Click on the Veterinary Information button on the left hand side of the page, open the Australian Canine Eye Scheme page and go to the very bottom of the page to where it says: Down load Information For Owners and Down load AVA-ANKC-ACES Rules.


This critical passage, glossed over in the Rules and Procedures document, is the key:

“Following the launch of the Australian Canine Eye Scheme, all ANKC-affiliated National Breed Councils and unrepresented breed clubs in each State were contacted by the ACES Chief Panellist to explain the aims of ACES, before inviting a nomination on behalf of their breed to either the Open or Closed Register with respect to the reporting of canine inherited disease. These Registers are the responsibility of ANKC. For any breed on the Open Register, all results from any known inherited condition in that breed (eye conditions, hip and elbow scores, tests for congenital heart disease etc.) will be released for publication. By submitting dogs for certification, the owner agrees to this and relinquishes all rights to keep the results confidential.”

ACES is setting a precedence. It will not be long before many more schemes are added - as mentioned above: " (eye conditions, hip and elbow scores, tests for congenital heart disease etc.)"
Note also that breeders were not asked if they wanted ACES, it has been forced on them from out of the blue. The only input we have been offered in ACES has been to decide if we want our breeds registered on an Open or a Closed Register. Note also in this document (Rules and Procedures) it says:
“… National Breed Councils and unrepresented breed clubs in each State were contacted by the ACES Chief Panellist to explain the aims of ACES…”.
This is one of many inaccurate and misleading statements we see in their documents. It is known that at least one club was never contacted by the Chief Panellist, so that would make one think there could be others.

Note also an example of the draconian language we referred to previously:
”… relinquishes all rights…”.


• ACES does not present anything of value that does not already exist -

ACES has been offered to breeders as if it has benefits that have not been available to breeders before: -
“The aim of the scheme is to provide a means by which purebred dogs in any registered breed may be assessed for defects that affect the normal function of the eye or that may threaten vision.”
This is not accurate because the means are already there and in use. Ophthalmologists have been doing exactly the same tests for breeders for years – all without ACES. For many years all responsible breeders have been testing their puppies and breeding stock with registered ophthalmologists (and do indeed test for as many genetic diseases as possible - not just eyes). In fact ACES gives less to breeder. We get less service for higher costs.

Examples of less service:
Under ACES the results of all tests will be certified as Affected or Unaffected -see Information for Owner document:
“… certificate is issued with results of “affected” or “unaffected”.
In some breeds, particularly where the disease has a range of expression, this does not give the information required to make responsible puppy homings or to make responsible breeding choices. Prior to ACES ophthalmologists were happy to give further information, but have been clearly instructed in these procedures not to do so -
“Examining panellists will be discouraged from entering into any discussion on matters concerning particular eye conditions or their inheritance in any given breed.”
(The examining panellist is your ophthalmologist.) We also use to get an individual certificate for each animal including puppies now all puppies will be listed on one sheet.
“The ACES Litter Screening Certificate (Appendix 5) is used to collect information on all pups in litters aged less than twelve weeks.”

Example of the rise in costs:
September 2006, prior to the implementation of ACES, the cost of one particular examination was $55.00 per puppy. As of February 2007, exactly the same examination being done under ACES was quoted by the same ophthalmology clinic as $88 per puppy and if that same examination is taken, but not under ACES, then the cost rises to $154.00 per puppy.

It is patently: less service – higher costs!

• Even though ACES is promoted as voluntary, here are at least four coercive elements that push breeders into using ACES -

a) The sneakiness of making breeders pay exorbitant extra costs for the same service just because they don’t wish to test under ACES is nothing short of duress.
b) Here is another example of those seemingly underhand tactics. If the same examination is undertaken with a registered ophthalmologist, (who would have the same qualifications), but is who is not a panellist examiner, i.e. not a member of ACES, you will not be able to claim that your dogs’ eye checks are as good as or equivalent to that done through ACES. This is quoted from the Rules and Procedures document:
“No eye test result issued by a veterinarian who is not a current appointee to the ACES Examining Panel may be represented as being an ‘ACES eye exam’ or in any way equivalent to an AVA-ANKC Australian Canine Eye Scheme certificate.”
c) And then the ANKC gets into the act and backs the ACES to this extent:
“The ANKC endorses ACES as the only eye certification system authorised to lodge individual results with the ANKC’s inherited diseases database.”
d) Going on to say;
“…and for certain higher risk breeds, ANKC has the power to insist on an ‘unaffected’ test report as a prerequisite to litter registration”.
If the ANKC can insist on this for “certain higher risk breeds” then it can do the same for all breeds.

It should now be evident that even though is it stated a number of times in these documents that this scheme is voluntary –this NOT the real position desired by ACES or the ANKC.

• ACES accepts no accountability:

Please make sure you understand this next section really well.

From the Rules and Procedures document:
(1) Examinations are conducted by specialist registered veterinarians who have been appointed by AVA Board to the ACES examining panel, on the understanding that each member has made adequate provision against his or her professional liability. In no event shall AVA be liable for any incidental or consequential damages arising from any negligent acts or omissions arising out of the examination.

(2) AVA does not make any warranties or representations regarding the quality, accuracy, completeness or authenticity of the information provided on the ACES Eye Examination Certificate.
• accept liability for any loss arising out of the use of said information and / or the reliance placed on it, by the owner or any other party

Subject to the normal veterinary certification standards required under the various State Acts, ACES Panellists do not accept individual or collective liability for any consequential loss arising out of the use of information provided on an ACES Certificate, or the reliance placed upon it by the owner or any other party.”

The AVA and ACES are attempting to avoid any accountability or liability here, which under common law of course they cannot do. However, this statement, that ACES Panellists (one of whom will be your ophthalmologist)
“... do not accept individual or collective liability for any consequential loss arising out of the use of information provided on an ACES Certificate, or the reliance placed upon it by the owner or any other party.”
means that the AVA is indicating the ACES Certificate is not worth the paper it is written on. Why would anyone want to pay their high fees for such a document?

One must also question the actions and the competence of the ANKC when they commit themselves so wholly to ACES and to such a valueless certification.
“…The Australian National Council recognises ACES as the only eye certification system authorised to lodge individual data with the ANKC’s inherited diseases data base...”

Now for another area where the accountability of ACES and the examining panellist becomes highly questionable and raises acute alarm - again from the Rules and Procedures document:

“The following documents must be sighted by the examining panellist at the time of the examination:

(iv) The original registration certificate issued by a State Canine Control or the registering authority in the country of origin, endorsed with a record of permanent identification (microchip or tattoo).
(Why do they need the dogs original registration certificate, if the dog is microchiped or tatooed?)

(i) Any change of ownership documentation or original export certificate from the country of origin.
(Again, if the dog can be identified by a microchip or tattoo, why would this documentation be required?)

(ii) Any previous eye certificates issued by a veterinary eye specialist in Australia or overseas.
(Again why?)

(iv) A formal transcript of any genetic test results issued by a recognised commercial testing laboratory, that the owner wishes to see included in ANKC’s multi-breed inherited diseases database.
(ANY genetic test results? Why? )


If any of these documents are held but not presented, then the examination may proceed but the results will not be made available (even verbally) and the certificate will not be issued until the missing documents have been sighted by the ACES Panellist.”

What an outrageous set of demands! Of course, now that we have the means, a dog should be able to be indisputably identified before examinations take place. However the demand that any previous results be presented before any results are made available, even verbally, can only be seen as skewing any examination results. All examinations should be totally independent, otherwise the results are worthless.

Also if you are seeking a second opinion or are in dispute with your ophthalmologist the above means that you have to show all previous documentation before you can obtain any further results. This is also alarming! How independent, and uninfluenced would you expect any second opinion to be? This second opinion could only be seen as being highly prejudiced.

The best conclusion that can be drawn from the Provision and Liability section and the scandalous order for all previous eye documentation prior to any further testing, is that the AVA does not believe in the abilities of its ACES examining panellists.

It is also it hard to fathom why any ophthalmologist would wish to belong to ACES when it appears to place no faith in their competence and practices.

And why would any breeder have any faith in this kind of scheme?

Each ACES examiner should be able to stand confidently behind their individual findings.

• Another area of concern are the anomalies in Schedules 1 and 2

Already it is evident there are anomalies in certain breeds listed in these Schedules. If there is interbreeding between varieties, e.g. Collies, then obviously you would expect both varieties to be subject to the same eye diseases, but this is not the case. Also in both schedule lists, which appear to have been pulled directly from the British Veterinarian Association’s website, there are diseases listed in certain breeds, which are not seen in those same breeds in Australia. And then to make it even more confusing, there is at least one breed on this list where one of the more prominent eye diseases in this breed is not even listed. The Australian Shepherd is susceptible to CEA but is not listed in either schedule

Scary stuff! We don’t want or need ACES, particularly with the unprofessional nature by which it seems, through these anomalies, to have been established.

• Open/Closed Registers:

On talking to many breeders it seems that most believe erroneously that the only difference between an Open and a Closed Register is that: on a Closed Register results will not be make public, and on an Open Register they will be public. This is the most benign part of these Registers.

In the Information for Owners document it clearly states:
“You will need to get the latest information on conditions relevant to your breed from an ACES Panellist or ANKC, especially if you are uncertain whether the National Breed Council for your breed has elected inclusion on the ANKC-endorsed Open or Closed Register. “

“For Open Register breeds, both the sire and dam will usually be expected to have current eye certificates showing them to be unaffected.”

“By seeking to be placed on an ANKC-endorsed Open Register for inherited disease surveillance, the National Breed Council for that breed is making a clear statement on behalf of all active breeders and club members. They are saying that optimum health standards are important to them, and that while all disease testing is undertaken voluntarily, adherence to a strict policy of disease surveillance is a prerequisite for any serious breeding program. They realise that by offering all puppy buyers such a transparent commitment to quality assurance, they are expressing a higher degree of confidence in the general health”

Optimum means that it can’t be better - so they have to be meaning unaffected animals. Also note the last sentence:
“... offering all puppy buyers such a transparent commitment to quality assurance, they are expressing a higher degree of confidence in the general health.”
How can just an eye examination promote a higher degree of confidence in the general health of the dog? General means broad or overall. Are they suggesting an eye certificate will promote confidence in the overall health of the dog? We think they are talking about when they add many more schemes as we anticipated.

Also don’t be fooled by the suggestion that, ACES or any scheme, offers a higher degree of confidence to the puppy buyers, it is the testing, by any qualified ophthalmologist, that does that, and responsible breeders are and have been testing for years with their ophthalmologists.

“Closed Register breeds may not require that both mating partners be certified unaffected, .”
Please note the language here – it does not say “will not” – only “may not” and…. “both” mating partners. Please don’t forget it has already been stated,
"Individual National Breed Councils will set their own policy on whether mating partners need to be ACES ‘unaffected’ or just ACES ‘tested’, and for certain higher risk breeds, ANKC has the power to insist on an ‘unaffected’ test report as a prerequisite to litter registration.”

The greatest flaw with these proposed Registers is that they are trying to deal with complicated genetics in a simplistic and naïve way. We know that all living things carry deleterious genes. There is no such thing as a genetically flawless individual – even in humans. Also these genetic flaws can range from very minor, causing no loss of function, no pain and do not decrease life expectancy to the other extreme where they cause death before or at birth. In between these two extremes we have varying degrees of debility, pain and life expectancy. This means we should prioritise the diseases according to these criteria. Then we need to discover the genetic inheritance i.e. dominant, recessive, sex linked, etc., and whether the disease is autosomal or polysomal. When this is done we need to factor in the breeds' breeding population and determine the extent of the disease in the population. Only then, in the case of dogs, can we know how to breed and what to breed. Some of the genetics for disease we do know, others we are still trying to determine. Eliminating a dog from a breeding pool on one genetic fault and not knowing the exact genomics of the fault achieves nothing and in fact can be detrimental to the breed. These registers are trying remove dogs from the gene pool on one fault, often without knowing the mode of inheritance and how many genes are involved as in the case of CEA where research is still continuing.

The above are only examples of the problems, anomalies and questions raised in both The Information For Owners and the Rule and Procedures Documents. There are other important problems, such as the following, which are not discussed here but which should be noted when you read the document:
• frequency of testing
• procedures for disputes or second opinions
• availability of examining panellists
• limitation of regional and rural services, etc.
• litter registrations and privacy issues
• independent accreditation & monitoring of ACES



• Strangulation by Regulation:

One criticism is that if we do not have compulsory testing then some breeders will not test. The truth is – even if we do have compulsory testing these same breeders will not test, but more importantly we will also see responsible breeders who have always tested leave the sport because of over regulation. If you think this is good, think again. Less breeders, less diversity within the breeds, less fees to support our hobby, i.e. funds for the ANKC and to Clubs, which means higher fees and less services for those remaining. We have already seen registrations drop alarmingly i.e. Collie registrations in 1986 were 2,571, in 1996 – 1,186, and in 2006 - 493 This is a trend across the breeds. Why? – regulation is one of the key elements. Regulation by federal law, regulation by state law, regulation by local councils, regulations by affiliated bodies.

History shows us that regulation of anything always makes for an underground component too. This Eye Scheme, ACES, will make some breeders who have always tested and register all puppies, now only test the puppies they are interested in and only register puppies they are interested in. Other breeders may decide not to test at all and that is a sad state of affairs. ACES adds nothing, it encourages the opposite to its stated desires.

• Peer and Consumer Pressure

For those worried about the ethics of the next breeder, peer pressure and/or consumer pressure are stronger tools than any scheme for ensuring breeders become learned and responsible. Because of how easily information is disseminated today, especially with the internet, both breeders and prospective owners are very aware of what good breeding practices entail and all their rights. All responsible breeders are dedicated to the health and robustness of their breed and keep themselves informed of current research and tests. Responsible breeders see this as being as the very basis of being a breeder. They don’t need rules and regulations to be responsible – just good education opportunities.

• Breeders (that’s us) Lead the Research

It is also a known fact that it is often the breeders who lead the research into health problems. For example in collies, for many years breeders were experiencing results that make it clear that CEA would more likely be polyfactorial, although the scientific belief, until very recently, was that it was, autosomal recessive.

• Breeders Should Have Full Rights and Full Responsibilities

If we want to be breeders, we should have all the rights, responsibilities, and choices that this position holds. We do not need to be dumbed down by regulation that takes away our choices. Rather the efforts to clean our breeds of many of the diseases will be through research and education not through regulation and restrictions.

• Genetic Diversity

Genetic diversity is a catchcry we hear often. Eliminating dogs from the gene pool for one genetic disorder can potential cause us problems of the highest magnitude. Please read what happened in the cited reference, (Bad Genes, Babies and Bath Water by C. A. Sharp) when breeders decided to eliminate one genetic health problem by removing all affected dogs from the breeding pool. We are breeding for the whole dog. We will never be free of genetic disease, due to the fact that dogs are evolving like any other species on earth. There will continue to be spontaneous mutations, both somatic and germ cell – the very thing that allows a species to evolve. That is the nature of life. Some of these genetic changes will be very deleterious and cause disease, occasionally some will be beneficial, but we can not delete them all. However with education we can all breed wisely and control many of these diseases. Regulations and schemes will not make us wise.

• Proteomics

It is common that a gene displaying a particular phenotype is thought of as a gene for that phenotype when this is not the case. A gene, all genes, simply encode for a protein. That is all they do. Depending on what the protein’s role is in the metabolism of the cell, and it is almost always multiple roles, will determine the phenotypic consequences. For example, a protein prominent in connective tissue can have varying consequences in different organs of the body. No one knows yet the proteins responsible for example in CEA and therefore what other functions those same proteins may be performing in other tissues. The interesting thing is that a protein causing a defect in one area, may be causing a beneficial affect in different area. Eliminating an allele or alleles because of perfunctory opinion about their deleteriousness can lead to unanticipated consequences.

• One Last Question:

A question to ask ourselves is: have we seen great health improvement in dogs in countries where a lot of health testing and regulation of breeding practices are carried out? Are they living longer, healthier lives? Through correspondence with several breeders from countries where hip/eye and temperament testing is mandatory they still face the same concerns that we face with probably just as many health issues and their dogs do not live longer lives. These breeders feel very restricted and often believe they have not been able to make the wisest of choices in their breeding programs due to all the restrictions they have to deal with.


What we need is education and research, not limitations and regulations.
ACES offers no education, limits information and reduces the breeder facility for research while forcing regulation and restrictions upon us. A better solution would be a scheme offering access to education and increased genetic and breeding research from an ANKA or AVA body rather than a membership based entity seemingly established purely for feeding themselves fees.

If you as still unsure please take the time to read these articles:

Bad Genes, Babies and Bathwater
Genetic Load
The Misuse of Health Testing
Breeding In Germany







12. Ban the Selling of Pet Shop Puppies

We are most concerned at the increase of puppies and dogs being sold throughout Petshops in New Zealand. The numbers are increasing dramatically and some Breeders in NZ appear to be breeding for the Pet Shop Market and puppies being sold for huge amounts of money.

Not enough information is being given out re the Breeds of dogs, the sizes they grow to, the care they need, a suitable environment or contact with people in the same Breeds.

Many of these dogs once grown are being dumped into Rescue organisations or left to wander the streets until impounded. There are many horror stories and we are becoming aware of more.

We are also concerned about health issues with the puppies, after hearing of many cases with puppies being sold with fatal viruses or congenital diseases, usually unbeknown to the purchaser.

A Pet shop is not a suitable environment to sell a puppy from. There is not enough people contact, no training can be given and one of our worst concerns is what happens to the puppies who are not sold after 3 months of age?

We feel there are enough unwanted puppies and dogs in New Zealand, without Pet Shops adding to the problem by encouraging backyard breeders and puppy farmers to mate their bitch with the dog down the road, to produce some puppies to sell to the local petshop. These puppies are then sold on with no background checks on the new owners, no property inspections and no investigation into the suitability of the new owner for the breed.

We find it hard to understand why any dog breeder would place their puppies into Petshops to onsell and the only reason has to be monetary....

MAF has guidelines on the Selling of Companion Animals but we are aware that these are not being adhered to in alot of cases and are very hard for MAF and the SPCA to police.

This petition gives you a chance to express your feelings on the subject of puppies/dogs being sold through Petshops.