Petition Tag - finning

1. Ban Shark Finning and end the exploitation of sharks

What is Shark Finning?

Shark finning refers to the removal and retention of shark fins and the discard at sea of the carcass. The shark is most often still alive when it is tossed back into the water. Unable to swim, the shark slowly sinks toward the bottom where it is eaten alive by other fish.

Shark finning takes place at sea so the fishers have only the fins to transport. Shark meat is considered low value and therefore not worth the cost of transporting the bulky shark bodies to market.

Any shark is taken-regardless of age, size, or species.

Longlines, used in shark finning operations, are the most significant cause of losses in shark populations worldwide.

Shark finning is widespread, and largely unmanaged and unmonitored.
Shark finning has increased over the past decade due to the increasing demand for shark fins (for shark fin soup and traditional cures), improved fishing technology, and improved market economics.

Shark specialists estimate that 100 million sharks are killed for their fins, annually.
One pound of dried shark fin can retail for $300 or more. It's a multi-billion dollar industry.

Why ban shark finning?

Finning is responsible for the deaths of tens of millions of sharks every year.
The removal of the ocean’s top predators may have serious, widespread effects for marine ecosystems and potentially threaten yields of other commercially important species.

Finning is hugely wasteful – throwing away 95% of a valuable protein source should not be an option in a world where fish stocks are declining and millions of people face chronic hunger.

Finning prevents species-specific catch data from being collected. Without such information, sustainable management of shark fisheries is not possible.

2. Project Aware: Give sharks a fighting chance

Shark populations are devastated by overexploitation, including targeted fishing, bycatch and finning.

Each year, tens of millions of sharks are killed by Earth’s most dangerous predators - humans. Too many of them fall victim to the cruel and wasteful practice of shark finning - the act of removing shark fins and discarding the often still alive shark overboard. As Eastern demand for fins remains strong, markets for shark meat are growing, helping to push shark species to the brink.

According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) analyses, all shark species proposed at the meeting met the criteria for listing under CITES Appendix II. Such listing requires that trade is controlled in order to avoid use that threatens the species’ survival. Despite the depletion ofsharks worldwide, restrictions on international trade are in place for only three shark species - whale shark, great white shark and basking shark.

Join thousands of AWARE divers and shark advocates who are serious about shark protection. Sign the petition and urge your friends and colleagues to do the same.

Together, we’re gaining the attention of policymakers worldwide. We’re closing loopholes in existing global shark management policies and insisting on full protections for Endangered and Critically Endangered sharks

3. Save the Sharks

Dear President Chinchilla,

We the attached signatories would like to congratulate you for the proactive stance your administration has taken with respect to marine conservation issues. The recent creation of the Cocos Island Marine Seamount Managed Area will support sustainable fishing initiatives among this country’s national fishers. In addition, closing the private docks to the international shark finning fleet was without a doubt a major accomplishment.

However, the foreign fleet continues to side-step the authorities’ controls by landing fins in Nicaragua, loading them into Costa Rican trucks, and importing them back into this country via Peñas Blancas for their eventual re-exportation.

In order to end the shark finning fleet’s egregious practices – ones that overshadow the marine conservation accomplishments of your government – it’s necessary to prohibit shark fin imports.

This action would have no impact on the national fishing industry or on any other industry that respects our laws.

4. STOP SHARK FINNING

After watching Sharkwater, I realised that it's so cruel and disgusting for fishermen to only fin the sharks, but discard the rest into the sea alive.

5. Take Shark Fin Soup Off the Menu in BC, Canada

100-150 million sharks are killed every year. In the past 20 years, shark population has decreased by 90%. Scientists predict that within the next 15-20 years, sharks will be completely wiped out.

The are the most important species on Earth, simply because they control levels further down on the food pyramid, as tertiary consumers, and therefore the oxygen levels in the ocean, which controls everything on earth, as it covers 2/3 of the Earth's surface.

Please protect this beautiful creature, and ban the act of shark finning. It starts out locally, but when brought to a global perspective can change the situation dramatically. The slaughter of sharks will soon affect you, so please, take action and sign the petition.

Thank you.

6. Stop Shark Finning BEFORE Sharks Become Extinct!

Every year over 100 million sharks are killed for their fins. Fishermen fish them from the water, slice off their fins then throw them back alive leaving them to die. How cruel can we be to these creatures?

We serve them as soup costing up to $100 or more when their fins actually don't have much flavor. The flavor of their expensive soup is often chicken flavored. Sharks reproduce like us, not laying eggs. This means that they can not reproduce as quickly as we are killing them off. Therefore there will soon be less and less of this magnificent animal alive in our oceans.

Stop their pain. Are we really putting a bowl of soup above a life?

7. UK Shark Fin Ban

Shark finning is the barbaric act of removing the fins from a live shark and then dumping the fish back into the oceans where it suffers an agonising death. The fins are then used in the production of Shark Fin Soup.

The fins provide no nutritional value or flavour to the dish, merely being served as a symbol of status or celebration. Rivalling the world drug trade in value, this is a big business to break, but with dedication we can achieve our goal.

This group intends to target key political figures, schools and restaurants and promote the benefits of not using shark fin for the production of soup.

8. Ban Shark Fin Products in New York City

Despite being banned in many parts of the world, Shark Fin Products are still available in New York City. Because of the wasteful manner of their harvest (the Shark's fins are cut off and then the finless animal is thrown back in the water to suffocate), because of this...Shark Fin Products have no business in Our City.

9. Stop Shark Sales at Carrefour Egypt

STOP SHARK SALES CAMPAIGN

Sharks are currently being exported overseas and sold on the Egyptian market, even at a multi-national hyper-market chain, namely, Carrefour Egypt! Overfishing and consumption of sharks and their fins are serious threats to human health, the environment and our economy. The goal of HEPCA’s Stop Shark Sales Campaign is to avert these impacts and encourage the community to come together to put pressure on those who fish, trade and sell sharks in order to protect our health, environment and prosperity.

Four years ago we helped to secure legislation that banned shark fining in Egyptian waters, which led to widespread condemnation of those who flouted the ban (both in fishing and selling shark meat). This led to Egypt being honoured as Shark Guardian of the Year in 2006.

In 2010 we are once again faced with the same issue as we find one of the largest hypermarkets in Egypt and a brand of international standing – Carrefour – openly trading baby sharks in their store in Maadi, Cairo. Their sale of sharks is an irresponsible act that endangers the wellbeing of their clientele and the future of our planet.

HEPCA wants the Egyptian Government to intervene to stop shark trading and to ensure a ban on the exporting of shark meat. We encourage the community to challenge those endangering us like Carrefour who do not care for the health of the citizens of Egypt nor the natural and economic resources of this country.

Shark Facts: Proof that we should lobby for a complete ban on shark trading in Egypt

Health Risk
As top predators, sharks accumulate high concentrations of toxins present in the environment in their body, often as much as 10,000 times that of their surrounding environment. Persistent toxins such as Methyl Mercury are retained in sharks, and they are far less susceptible to the toxic effects of Methyl Mercury than humans; therefore even healthy sharks contain high concentrations of the toxicant.

The effects of this toxic compound on humans are numerous. It is estimated that more than 60,000 children are born with neurological damage due to exposure during pregnancy in the United States alone, due to the fact that this biotoxin is not held back by the natural barriers in the human body. Thousands of families each year are faced with the challenge of raising a child with severe neurological damage or disability, simply because the mother or father ingested shark meat.

The effects of Methyl Mercury are not limited to the unborn, it is also considered to be a carcinogen, its impact on the central neural system is irreversible, and it is known to cause coronary artery disease and cardiac arrest, as well as trigger autoimmune diseases and immune dysfunction.

Methyl Mercury ingestion has extensively been documented to cause male infertility and spermatozoa mutation, in addition to instigating type II diabetes.
The maximum mercury intake as indicated by The Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food (JEFCA) is 0.23µg/kg of body weight per day. Therefore, a person weighing 80kg can safely ingest up to 18.4µg of Methyl Mercury per day according to JEFCA. Shark meat has been found to contain as much as 4000µg/kg of Methyl Mercury! Using an average value of 1400µg/kg of shark meat, a simple calculation reveals that an average shark steak (that is 300g in the pan, served as 200g) contains 420µg of Methyl Mercury, nearly 23 times the maximum allowable limit by JEFCA; which is more than double the limit set by the United States’ Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) at 0.1µg/kg.

Environmental Destruction
Shark populations have witnessed a dramatic decline over recent decades; some regions have recorded reductions of 80% and in some areas 90% since the 1970’s! The diminution of populations can mainly be attributed to overfishing due to the demand for sharks which has skyrocketed with the proliferation of cuisines that utilise shark meat and fins, along with the development of modern commercial fishing technologies.

The implications associated with reductions of shark populations at this magnitude are horrific. Concern for the marine world’s apex predators has less to do with sentiment and is more about waking up to the devastating impacts on marine ecosystems that have been observed around the world. The removal of sharks has disrupted the entire marine food chain, with chaotic consequences, some of which are only now becoming apparent.

Eliminating the top predator in any system creates what is called a trophic cascade. The species whose numbers sharks used to police, such as ray and skates, are now exploding in population. They in turn are wiping out scallops and other shellfish, and water quality is suffering as a result.

Reefs, too, are under assault as parrot fish, which are key to controlling algae growth on reefs, are being exterminated by the fish whose numbers are no longer being regulated by sharks.

Socio-economic Impact
The potential socio-economic impact, of declining shark populations, in Egypt, and other countries that rely on dive tourism is extremely costly. The impact on the fishing industry coastal communities that rely on fishing shall be disastrous due to the disruption of the marine food web. The estimated annual income, from the tourism industry, of a single shark, at Brothers Islands, is EGP 1,250,000 per year. Carrefour sells juvenile sharks at L.E. 30 per kg!

We have to take a stand! Please sign our online petition, to pressure Carrefour to cease the sale of sharks and the destruction of our health, environment and prosperity!

10. Call on CITES to recognise endangered sharks and other marine species within its convention

The IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) Red List, first developed in 1963, is an inventory of world species of animals and plants that are at risk of extinction. IUCN have evaluated over 44,000 species (of the 1.8 million species we currently know about), and have categorized nearly 17,000 of those of being at some risk of extinction.

The Red List is the accepted standard and source for data on threatened species, the information held within is used by many other organisations to back up conservation awareness, action and protection.

You can read more about the red list here:

http://www.iucn.org/about/work/programmes/species/red_list/

CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) is an international agreement between countries, founded in the 1960s as a direct result of the work being done by the IUCN. Its aim is "to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival."

Species that are protected by the agreement are arranged into three different categories

Appendix I : international trade in species is prohibited, unless the trade is non commercial. In these instances both import and export certificates are required
Appendix II : international trade may be gained by granting of an export certificate, no import certificate is required
Appendix III : species that are included at the request of a member country that has local restrictions in force and needs cooperation from other countries to prevent unsustainable or illegal exploitation

There are currently 175 member countries signed up to the agreement, these countries are legally bound to implement the convention within their own domestic legislation to ensure that the terms are adhered to at a national level.

You can read more about CITES here:

http://www.cites.org

Looking purely at animals, the IUCN red list contains 7,500 individual species that are categorized as threatened in some way. Almost 1300 of these are from the fish family, 126 of those are species of shark (i.e. almost 10% of threatened fish, 1.5% of threatened animals) .

In contrast, there are approximately 5000 species of animal protected by the CITES agreement. Just 96 of these species are fish, and only three of those are species of shark that are listed as threatened within
IUCN [1], namely the Great White, Basking and Whale Shark. All are listed under Appendix II, i.e. international trade is allowed provided that import and export certificates are granted.

So, just 0.06% of the species that are protected by the CITES convention are made up of threatened shark species.

Shark populations are depleting rapidly world wide. One of the main contributory factors is the current demand for shark fin soup in the Asian markets. 1000's of tonnes of shark fin are exported from countries all around the world each year to help meet this demand.

Recognising and protecting the endangered species of shark within the CITES convention, limiting the ability to import or export shark or shark parts, may help to reduce the impact this trade is having on shark populations world wide.

11. Protect Endangered Sharks

Due to overfishing, there has been a 90% decrease in the population of sharks across the world, and in the U.S. east coast waters, there has been a 99% decrease. Just for fins and oil, about 270,000 sharks are killed each day. The number of sharks in our oceans today is only 10% of what it was 50 years ago.

Three main causes that are endangering sharks is killing them for their squalene, finning sharks, and sharks getting caught in byctach. Deep sea sharks are still being killed for their squalene, an oil found in their livers, even though it has pushed several species to the brink of extinction.

Sharks are still being finned, and then thrown back into the ocean to die. The nets that are used to catch fish and other marine life are not discriminatory so they end up catching and killing species such as sharks, dolphins, and whales.

12. Save the Shark

The shark is a wonderful creature. Feared, but beloved by many - I repeat, many - countries, the shark is, sadly enough, being deliberately killed by humans in seeming "need" for sharkfin soup, shark leather, shark teeth jewelry, and other shark "necessities".

Many times, the sharks are simply caught on fishing rods, stripped of their dorsal, pectoral, and tail fins, and thrown back into the sea to sink back to the bottom and drown. This practice, known as finning, is portrayed as revenge on the sharks. However, for every human killed by shark "attack", 2 million sharks are killed on purpose. This sad, sad statistic will soon lead to the extinction of this beautiful and amazing creature.

Will our children have to grow up, not believing that such a creature as a great white shark is, or was ever, true? Only learning about sharks from movies and books and the Internet, many of which sources are made up stories?

Sharks never attack humans on purpose. As said in Peter Benchley's nonfiction book, Shark Life, sharks often just bite because they are testing whether or not the human is a good source of prey. Oftentimes, it looks as if a seal or a turtle was swimming above them, when in reality, it is a human on a surfboard.

Sharks are poor, misunderstood creatures that need desperate action to be saved. Please sign the petition and stop shark finning and other types of cruel behavior towards sharks, rays, and skates.

(Note: Rays are subject to finning, also.)

13. Stop shark Finning now!!

Shark Finning is a disgusting and wasteful practice, it should be stopped. Shark finning is where people cut off sharks fins for medicine and shark fin soup, instead of using the rest of the shrark they throw the finless animal back into the ocean.

14. Stop Shark Finning

This petition is to stop the cruelty of shark finning. They're often just tossed back into the water with their fins cut off and slowly die of asphyxiation. Please help as around 3 sharks are killed every second.