Petition Tag - innovation

1. Nikola Tesla Secondary School

The Hamilton Wenthworth District School Board (HWDSB), in Hamilton, Ontario is building a new Secondary School. In light of the recent initiative to link Hamilton to the famous inventor and innovator, Nikola Tesla, and as such to associate Hamilton with education, technology, and innovation, we propose naming the new High School as the "Nikola Tesla Secondary School".

HWDSB’s new North Secondary School will be located at 1055 King Street East (former Scott Park Secondary School site). This beautifully designed secondary school will be constructed to meet the needs of students, while complementing in the adjacent Tim Horton's Field, Jimmy Thompson pool and the new City of Hamilton Bernie Morelli Recreation Centre. It will accommodate 1,250 pupils, for those living in the Sir John A. Macdonald and Delta catchment areas. It will be a state of the art facility.

The City of Hamilton was once know as The Ambitious City, and many years before that, as "The Electric City"! It was the industrial heartland of Canada. It was the Steel City of Canada, as Pittsburgh was once the Steel City of America. But, as the steel industry, and other manufacturing, declined, so has the City of Hamilton. It is time for Hamilton to reinvent, and re-brand itself. Just like Pittsburgh, it is time to embrace education, technology and innovation. What better way to do this then to re-establish links and association with Nikola Tesla. This man was a world famous inventor, innovator, and genius who changed the world, and influenced the industrialisation of Hamilton over a hundred years ago. His name and ideas continue to be relevant today, and are associated with creativity, education, invention, innovation, technology, wireless, electric cars, renewable energy, sustainable development, etc. (See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nikola_Tesla) Let's strengthen the association between Hamilton with Tesla, and those attributes, and reinvent this city. Let's be "The Ambitious City" once again!

The Nikola Tesla Education Corporation (NTEC), is a Registered Canadian Charitable organisation, with the mission to educate the public about Nikola Tesla’s work and to inspire the youth to understand his work, and to pursue his innovative spirit and higher education. We currently provide awards to students, and will soon introduce scholarships. Our goal is to inspire youth to higher education, technology and innovation. For that we need the youth to be aware of Tesla, his inventions, and to be informed of his significant contributions to the world, to Hamilton, and to the way we live today! Think of how much electrical distribution, the electric motor, and wireless transmission, have made our life better. This is all attributable to Tesla. We want to make sure the youth know that, and are inspired by him. See more at http://teslaeducational.ca

Why Hamilton? As mentioned before, Tesla helped Hamilton become industrialised in the first place! The city of Hamilton was the 1'st major city in Canada to have AC electrical power, which was received from DeCew Falls, Generating Station No. 1. Built in 1898, DeCew Falls 1 is the oldest continuously running hydroelectric power generating station in Canada, and one of the first to recognise and implement Nikola Tesla’s 1888 invention, “Polyphase Alternating Current”. The station was built by the “Five Johns” of Hamilton (Dickenson, Gibson, Moodie, Patterson, and Sutherland). The Cataract Power Company, assembled the hydro-electric generating plant about 35 miles from Hamilton in 1898. Current flowed to the city for the first time on August 25, 1898. See The Hamilton Spectator August 26, 1898 article “Power Turned On”: http://teslaeducational.ca/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/Spec-26-8-1898.jpg

The City of Hamilton prospered immensely in the early 1900’s, with major manufacturing companies being established or opening branch plants in Hamilton. The massive investments in plants in the east end of Hamilton resulted in an increasing need of workers. The population doubled in the first 14 year of the 20th century. The Five Johns were successful in transmitting the power over a great distance, the second longest transition in the world at the time. Hamilton reaped the rewards of their achievement and was known a “The Electric City”. The city advertisement of “Hamilton’s cheap electricity” attracted even more industries. The existing steel related plants quickly converted to electrical power as it was cheaper than other forms and sources of power. With the abundance of the steel from the mills, other plants that required the steel established plants in Hamilton, in the North End. And, the rest is history!

Hamilton can once again become a prosperous, relevant and growing city, an ambitious city, by embracing education, innovation, and technology. Tesla's ideas remain relevant, and even futuristic. His name is associated with creativity, education, invention, innovation, technology, wireless, radio, x-ray, electric cars, renewable energy, sustainable development, etc. Let's re-establish our link with Tesla, through this initiative, and re-establish a link with these attributes to the City of Hamilton. Let's reinvent and re-brand the City. If we start looking at our city differently, so will others. Let's be the Ambitious City once again! Let's name the new high school to the "Nikola Tesla Secondary School", to show the word that we are serious about education, technology and innovation.

Please sign the petition, and spread the word by letting all your family and friends know about this initiative and petition.

Thank you.

2. Seoul Declaration to Advance Gendered Research, Innovation and Socio-economic Development in the Asia Pacific

The historical inequalities between women and men in research participation and in science knowledge create barriers to achieving the full socio-economic benefits of science-led innovation. With women in a minority and science with more evidence for men than for women, outcomes and opportunities are biased to advantage the needs of men and overlook the needs of women.

But now, extensive evidence shows that gender bias in science knowledge making can negatively impact on the quality of scientific research for both women and men. Whilst we continue building systematic understanding of the underlying causes, we have enough solid knowledge to generate the benefits of gender sensitive and responsive research.

The scientists, gender scholars and policy makers attending the Gender Summit 6 - Asia Pacific 2015 (GS6 – AP) discussed the full complexity and diversity of gender issues in research and innovation in the region. These discussions identified numerous scientific and socio-economic benefits of adopting gendered approaches to research and innovation.

Science and policy leaders in Europe have already taken such actions as a strategy for the EU Horizon 2020 programme, as well as at national level.

We call on science and policy leaders in Asia Pacific to promote gender aware and sensitive research and innovation to improve the quality of science and enhance socio-economic development in the region.

3. Free patent for U.S. citizens

The high cost of acquiring and securing a patent is impeding entrepreneurism and innovation. There are many Americans with great ideas for an invention that will never act on their inspiration due to the high cost of securing a patent.

Let's make it a right for all American citizens to receive one free patent and thus get the economy going again with engaging the American Spirit.

4. Policy to encourage creation of an enterprise culture in UK

This submission relies heavily on the Richard Report "Small Business and Government" to the Conservative Party of May 2008 (http://www.bl.uk/bipc/pdfs/richardreport2008.pdf)

The signatories agree wholeheartedly with the broad conclusions and recommendations of the Richard Report.

The following specific detailed suggestions could, in the signatories' opinions, be usefully added to government policy:

1. Open up the Enterprise Investment Scheme

The problem:
EIS Relief, while broadly excellent, has four main drawbacks:

It is not available to existing Directors of the investee company
It is restricted to ordinary shares
It is restricted to higher rate tax
It is relatively complex to administer

Solution:
Extend the scheme to
non-executive directors whether or not they already hold office.
genuine third party risk money, regardless of 'type' of investment: loans of greater than three years, preference shares, convertible loans.
to full tax relief. Not many basic rate taxpayers will wish to take advantage, but why not if they have the means? It will increase the gearing on the investment from the investor's perspective from 1 in 4 to 2 in 3.

Simplify the administration by
making the investor responsible through his tax return,
subject to penalty for wrongful claiming.
making the rules and exclusions simpler
Retain certain non-qualifying businesses
(property, financial services, investment and so forth)
and geographical and trade limitations
(must be UK domiciled with UK domiciled shareholders)
but otherwise de-restrict so as to facilitate taxpayer compliance and reduce administration costs

2. Develop the Research and Development tax credits

The Problem:
R&D tax credits are broadly very welcome but:

They do nothing to assist start-up research for new businesses which are (almost by definition) non corporation tax and non PAYE payers.
They fail to reflect the considerable risk taken by start up businesses, despite the very significant future benefits to the economy brought by successes.

The Solution:
Create a new system whereby
Loans against future tax credits: Create longer term commercial loans which can be granted to SMEs against future R&D tax credits (so the loan can be repaid from the tax credit when the company begins to pay tax); such loans to be underwritten by the government, hence written off in the event of company failure.
Matched funding: Private third party investment into qualifying SME R&D is matched by government, whether or not the investment already carries EIS relief. The qualifying utilisation of the matched funds should be guaranteed by the investor: if audit proves that the funds were not spent on a qualifying purpose, he has to repay the matching through the tax system.

Create new definitions of 'qualifying R&D'
technology, engineering, environment etc?
or create exclusions (sales methodology, administration, training)

This will allow early stage research to be very significantly funded by the government, but it will only follow market forces and third party investment, and policed through the existing administration of HMRC.

3. Change the Enterprise Loan Guarantee Scheme to be less asset based

The Problem:
EFG is simply not working as bankers will only provide loans against assets and small companies simply don’t have suitable security.

The Solution:
Government should underwrite the major part of each individual loan, with
lenders taking a small share of the risk to ensure sensible lending.

4. Create a 'Stock Exchange' for Innovation

Problem:
The chronic waste, and/or leakage, of 'British Inventiveness' which is an inevitable consequence of the traditional avenues of commercialisation open to Inventors.

Solution:
The microFunding secure internet marketplace where Big Business, SMEs and individuals can match 'Technical/Business Requirement' with 'Innovation/Invention' with 'Business skills' and with early stage 'Investment'.

5. Channel subsidy through qualified Business Advisors

The Problem
At present small sums of money are made available through a management and leadership grant. This is an effort by the government to “second guess” what small business needs. This leads to curious abuses for little direct impact

The Solution
Create a qualification/recognise existing qualifications that enable the government to ensure that business advice is provided by those with the appropriate experience.
Enable the qualified advisors to apply for appropriate levels of subsidy to meet the needs generated by Small Business.


These changes, especially if coupled with the above funding initiatives, will encourage and permit the creation of a customer-led enterprise state.

It will be market-driven, efficient, responsive and effective;

And it will not cost a King's Ransom to achieve.

5. In Support of the APIE2 Transformation Proclamation

On 1 April 2009, the Summit on the Engineer of the Future 2.0 (EotF2.0) was held at Franklin W. Olin College and was attended by over 300 individuals for the purpose of supporting the transformation of engineering education to the imperatives of the 21st century. At the end of that event, the attendees signed a document called the Transformation Proclamation calling for the immediate formation of an Alliance for Promoting Innovation in Engineering Education (APIE2). The Transformation Proclamation is presented in its entirety below and individuals around the globe--students, educators, and friends of engineering education--who support the document are encouraged to sign online.