Petition Tag - irgc

1. Immediate & Unconditional Release of Mahmoud Masoumi

Updated on June 21, 2016.

Arbitrary Arrest of Mahmoud Masoumi Continues in Jail

Mahmood Masoomi was arrested along with three others civil rights activists by Iran’s security officials on May 12, 2016. He is kept in the jail for unrealistic reasons since the arrest.

Mahmoud Masoumi, Shima Babai, Elham Rasoolibaghi and Freydoon Ahmadpoor was reportedly detained during a peaceful protest to support the Iranian researcher on alternative medicine Mohammad-Ali Taheri. The 14 detainees were brutally beaten by officials in a raid to the protest, rights groups said.

Mahmoud was taken to Fashafooyeh prison for alleged conflict with officials and then transferred to the infamous Evin prison. He was accused of the vague charges at Branch three of the infamous Shahid Moghadasi Court of Evin.

Finally, he was released on the bail 65,000$ (2 billion Rials) on June 12, 2016.


ادامه بازداشت محمود معصومی فعال مدنی
«محمود معصومی» به همراه سه تن دیگر از فعالان مدنی روز پنج‌شنبه ۲۳ اردیبهشت‌ماه، در جریان تجمع هواداران عرفان حلقه، توسط نیروهای امنیتی بازداشت شد. او پس از گذشت پنج روز بدون تفهیم اتهام همچنان در بازداشت به سر می‌برد.
«محمود معصومی»، «الهام رسولی باغی»، «شیما بابایی» و «فریدون احمدپور» از جمله فعالین مدنی بودند که در کنار هواداران محمدعلی طاهری با مطالبه آزادی این زندانی عقیدتی با برخورد نیروهای امنیتی مواجه شده و در نهایت بازداشت شده‌اند.
«محمود معصومی» متولد ۱۳۷۴ اهل گنبد کاووس، دانشجو و شاغل است، او پس از بازداشت به زندان فشافویه و سپس به زندان اوین منتقل شده است.
“محمود معصومی به اتهام درگیری با ماموران به زندان منتقل شد. قاضی پرونده به نام حسینی (شعبه ۳ بازپرسی اوین) در ابتدا وعده داده بود با قید وثیقه تا زمان برگزاری دادگاه اصلی، محمود معصومی را آزاد کند اما اینگونه نشد. او هنوز بدون تفهیم اتهام در بازداشت است.”

2. Immediate & Unconditional Release of Civil Rights Activist Shima Babai!

Updated on June 21, 2016.

IRGC’s Officials Arrest Civil Rights Activist Shima Babai.

Shima Babai, the civil rights activist, was arrested by IRGC officials in a raid at her father’s house on May 25, 2016. Officials seized her personal belongings- books, hand writings and cell phones- in the attack, BCR Group has learned. The civil rights activist was reportedly taken to the notorious Ward 2-A of Evin prison.

She, 21, was previously arrested along with Mahmoud Massomi and Elham Rasoolibaghi two weeks ago. She was released after hours.

Finally, Shima Babai, the 21-year-old civil rights activist, was released on bail of $33,000 (100 million Tomans) on June 1, 2016 after enduring eight days in solitary confinement in Evin in the hands of the IRGC.


شیما بابایی فعال مدنی بازداشت شد!
شیما بابایی فعال مدنی و حقوق‌بشر در شامگاه چهارشنبه 5 خرداد‌ماه 1395 توسط ماموران اطلاعات سپاه بازداشت شد. بنابر گزارش فعالان حقوق بشر داخل ایران؛ ماموران سپاه پاسداران با ورود به منزل پدری شیما بابایی او را بازداشت کرده و وسایل شخصی مانند کتاب و دست‌نوشته و گوشی‌های تلفن همراه خانواده را نیز با خود برده‌اند.
گزارش‌ها حاکی از آن است که این دانشجوی رشته معماری داخلی به بند دو-الف سپاه در زندان اوین منتقل شده است. تا کنون از علت بازداشت و اتهام شیما بابایی اطلاعی در دست نیست.
پیش از این نیز او به همراه محمود معصومی و الهام رسولی‌باقی در 23 اردیبهشت‌ماه 1395 بازداشت شده بود که پس از ساعاتی آزاد شد.

3. Free Iranian Music Distributors Mehdi Rajabian, Hossein Rajabian and Yousef Emadi

UPDATE APRIUL 7, 2017--Music producers Mehdi and Hossein Rajabian returned to Evin Prison in Tehran on April 4, 2017 after their request for an extension of their seven-day temporary leave was denied by the judiciary, an informed source told the Center for Human Rights in Iran (CHRI).
“The only change in the new year was that we walked uphill with new shoes,” said a note on Mehdi Rajabian’s Instagram page on April 6 under a photo of the brothers outside the prison. “Incarceration resumes. Goodbye.”
The request for an extension of their furlough was primarily for Mehdi Rajabian’s need for medical treatment, said the source.
“The medical examiner has confirmed that Mehdi is suffering from multiple sclerosis and we have sent the diagnosis to the court, which should rule that he’s not physically fit to be in prison or at least allow him to receive treatment in a hospital outside the prison,” added the source.
Furlough, temporary leave typically granted to prisoners in Iran for a variety of familial, holiday, and medical reasons, is routinely denied to political prisoners as a form of additional punishment.
The brothers and Yousef Emadi were managing partners of the now banned Barg Music, a popular digital music production and distribution service, when they were arrested by the Revolutionary Guard’s Intelligence Organization on October 5, 2013.
They were charged with allegedly distributing underground music without a permit, working with female singers (prohibited from singing solo in Iran), and collaborating with “anti-revolutionary” Iranian musicians in exile.
In a trial that lasted only 15 minutes, Judge Mohammad Moghisseh of Branch 21 of the Revolutionary Court sentenced the three to six years in prison each in May 2015 for “insulting the sacred” and “propaganda against the state.”
Their sentence was reduced to three years in prison each upon appeal. They began serving it in June 2016.
Mehdi and Hossein Rajabian went on hunger strike in October 2016 for several weeks to protest the authorities’ continued refusal to provide them proper medical treatment, and the decision to separate them in different wards in Evin Prison.
The source told CHRI that the brothers had asked the warden to put them back in the ward for political prisoners after they were harassed and beaten by inmates in wards for non-political prisoners, but they have received no response.
According to Article 8 of Iran’s State Prisons Organization’s regulations, “All convicts, upon being admitted to walled prisons or rehabilitation centers, will be separated based on the type and duration of their sentence, prior record, character, morals and behavior in accordance with decisions made by the Prisoners Classification Council.”
SOURCE: Center For Human Rights In Iran
https://www.iranhumanrights.org/2017/04/music-producers-returned-to-evin-prison-after-request-for-extended-medical-furlough-denied/
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URGENT UPDATE NOVEMBER 15, 2016--BROTHERS MEHDI AND HOSSEIN RAJABIAN ON PRISON HUNGER STRIKES, LIVES AT RISK!

Mehdi and Hossein Rajabian began a joint hunger strike on October 28, 2016. The brothers, who began serving a three-year prison sentence in June 2016 for allegedly distributing underground music, are demanding medical furlough (temporary leave) and being returned to the same prison ward they were initially placed together in at Evin Prison. On November 13 Mehdi Rajabian was transferred to the hospital after his health seriously deteriorated as a result of the hunger strike.

“The condition of both brothers has gotten worse since they began the hunger strike,” an informed source told the Campaign. “Hossein has a severe lung infection. He was in the hospital for five days before starting the hunger strike and doctors had said then that he needs further treatment. Mehdi is suffering from an illness similar to multiple sclerosis—it’s not clear. He has become very weak and can walk only with a cane.”
SOURCE: International Campaign For Human Rights in Iran
https://www.iranhumanrights.org/2016/11/prisoners-of-conscience-on-hunger-strike/

URGENT UPDATE SEPTEMBER 8, 2016--Brothers Mehdi and Hossein Rajabian have launched a prison hunger strike to protest illegal medical neglect.

March 1, 2016--Three music distributors have each been sentenced to three years in prison and fined 200 million rials (approximately $6,600 USD) for “insulting the sacred” and “propaganda against the state” by a Tehran appeals court.

Mehdi Rajabian, Hossein Rajabian and Yousef Emadi were under intense pressure to make televised “confessions,” the International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran has learned.

Televised forced “confessions” in politically motivated cases, often extracted under the threat of or actual torture, are a common practice in Iran.

Mehdi Rajabian, Hossein Rajabian and filmmaker Yousef Emadi—all managers of BargMusic, one of the largest online producers and distributors of underground music in Iran since its launch in 2009—were sentenced by Judge Hassan Babaei of Branch 54 of Tehran’s Appeals Court. The court also sentenced them to a three-year suspended prison term.

The source told the Campaign that Judge Babaei described BargMusic as an agent of “social corruption” and accused its founder, Mehdi Rajabian, of ignoring 90 warnings for promoting illegal music, including songs by female singers. The judge also accused the three defendants of having contact with “political and anti-revolutionary” singers abroad.

“At the time of his arrest Mehdi Rajabian was recording the history of the setar [string instrument] in Iran. They confiscated all his work on hard drives when his personal music studio was shut down. Hossein Rajabian was also arrested when he had just finished his first film. They took away everything associated with the film, which was made with permission,” said the source.

The Appeals Court hearing, attended by a representative of the Revolutionary Guards, took place on December 22, 2015.

The sentence is final and has been passed on for enforcement, a source told the Campaign. The three are currently free on bail.

They were arrested by the Revolutionary Guards’ Intelligence Organization on October 5, 2013 and held for two months in solitary confinement at the Intelligence Organization-controlled Ward 2-A of Evin Prison.

Mehdi Rajabian, Hossein Rajabian and Yousef Emadi were initially sentenced to six years in prison and fined two billion rials (about $66,650 USD) in May 2015 by Judge Mohammad Moghisseh of Branch 21 of the Revolutionary Court in a trial that lasted only 15 minutes.

SOURCE: International Campaign For Human Rights In Iran

Three music distributors have each been sentenced to three years in prison and fined 200 million rials (approximately $6,600 USD) for “insulting the sacred” and “propaganda against the state” by a Tehran appeals court.

Mehdi Rajabian, Hossein Rajabian and Yousef Emadi were under intense pressure to make televised “confessions,” the International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran has learned.

Televised forced “confessions” in politically motivated cases, often extracted under the threat of or actual torture, are a common practice in Iran.

Mehdi Rajabian, Hossein Rajabian and filmmaker Yousef Emadi—all managers of BargMusic, one of the largest online producers and distributors of underground music in Iran since its launch in 2009—were sentenced by Judge Hassan Babaei of Branch 54 of Tehran’s Appeals Court. The court also sentenced them to a three-year suspended prison term.

The source told the Campaign that Judge Babaei described BargMusic as an agent of “social corruption” and accused its founder, Mehdi Rajabian, of ignoring 90 warnings for promoting illegal music, including songs by female singers. The judge also accused the three defendants of having contact with “political and anti-revolutionary” singers abroad.

“At the time of his arrest Mehdi Rajabian was recording the history of the setar [string instrument] in Iran. They confiscated all his work on hard drives when his personal music studio was shut down. Hossein Rajabian was also arrested when he had just finished his first film. They took away everything associated with the film, which was made with permission,” said the source.

The Appeals Court hearing, attended by a representative of the Revolutionary Guards, took place on December 22, 2015.

The sentence is final and has been passed on for enforcement, a source told the Campaign. The three are currently free on bail.

They were arrested by the Revolutionary Guards’ Intelligence Organization on October 5, 2013 and held for two months in solitary confinement at the Intelligence Organization-controlled Ward 2-A of Evin Prison.

Mehdi Rajabian, Hossein Rajabian and Yousef Emadi were initially sentenced to six years in prison and fined two billion rials (about $66,650 USD) in May 2015 by Judge Mohammad Moghisseh of Branch 21 of the Revolutionary Court in a trial that lasted only 15 minutes.

December 11, 2015--A Revolutionary Court in Tehran handed down prison sentences to three Iranian artists on charges of “insulting the sacred” and “propaganda against the regime” two years after they were initially arrest.

In early December, Branch 28 of the Revolutionary Court presided over by Judge Mohammad Moghiseh sentenced musician Mehdi Rajabian, founder of the alternative music website BargMusic, Yousef Emadi, manager of BargMusic, and Mehdi Rajabian’s brother, Hossein Rajabian, an independent filmmaker and photographer, to five years’ imprisonment for the insult charge and a further one year for propaganda.

Revolutionary Guards arrested the three on October 12, 2013 in the northern city of Sari. They were detained at Evin Prison’s Ward 2A, which is under control of the Guards. Before his arrest, Mehdi Rajabian was in the process of recording a musical history of Iran. Guards searched his studio and confiscated his recordings. His brother Hossein Rajabian was arrested after making his first feature film, which was confiscated, despite the fact that authorities had issued approval for the project.

Emadi and the Rajabian brothers were released on a bail of around $67,000 each after spending two months in solitary confinement. During their time in detention, they were reportedly pressured to confess to their crimes.

The accused were never taken back into custody after the release, though the case was ongoing and heard earlier this week.

They launched an appeal against the decision, which is now making its way through Branch 54 of the Revolutionary Court presided over by Judge Hasan Babaee. Human rights group have repeatedly accused both Babaee and Moghiseh of violating the human rights of Iranian defendants.

The 2013 arrests made international news, leading to more than 400 journalists, musicians and cinema artists to sign a letter calling for their release. Ahmed Shaheed, the United Nations Special Rapporteur for Human Rights in Iran, cited them in his list of political prisoners at the time.

4. Free Khodamorad Azizi, 83-year-old Iranian Man Arrested For Environmental Activism

Khodamorad Azizi was arrested by the security forces officials on the charge of propaganda against the regime of Iran and hosting environmental activists who were from Iran's capital, Tehran and also from Shahrkord on 3 June 2015.

The 83-year-old is being kept in detention along with his son Dr. Reza Moradi because he had hosted several environmental activists who were updated about the critical wildlife situation by him, according the news.

The trade institutions are going to annihilate the natural surroundings for the profit-seeking purposes in the region as the local residents declared to BCR Group.

According to the news received by the rights group, at least 300 citizens have reportedly been summoned by the Revolutionary Court of the city of Boldaji in Borujen County, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province, Iran, whereas, 30 of them were reportedly thrown into jail for protesting against the transfer of water resources from the Sabzkooh zone to the birthplace of the Major-General of the Revolutionary Guards Mohammad-Ali Jafari.

5. Free Iranian Human Rights Activist Majid Moghaddam

MARCH 7, 2015 -- DAY 95 OF SOLITARY CONFINEMENT FOR IRANIAN HUMAN RIGHTS ACTIVIST MAJID MOGHADDAM, TO FORCE A FALSE "CONFESSION" OUT OF HIM.

Majid Moghadam who was arrested in December and transferred to ward 2-A of Evin prison which is under the control of IRGC (Revolutionary Guards) is still kept in this ward and his status is uncertain and in (ILLEGAL) limbo.

According to the report of Human Rights Activists News Agency (HRANA), Majid Moghadam was arrested at his father’s house on December 3, 2014, at 8 p.m. and was transferred to ward 2-A which is controlled by IRGC.

He is still kept in this ward and in two-person cell. He has no contact with the outside world, as he is deprived of having phone calls and regular weekly visits.

A close source to Majid Moghadam told HRANA’s reporter, “authorities did not clarify Majid’s status, or the charges and allegations against him and just responded that he has 'gone to places that he should not have.'”

This source also said, “Prison authorities intentionally prolong his detention and do not carry out any investigations. They have refgused to release him on the bail.”

It should be mentioned that Majid Moghadam was previously arrested during the 2009 presidential election’s protests and was transferred to the notorious torture and murder house of that summer, the Kahrizak detention center.

6. Free Iranian Net Citizen Bahman Tafazoli, Jailed Since February For Facebook Activism

HRANA News Agency May 29, 2014 – Bahman Tafazoli was arrested and has been detained in Dehdasht’s prison since February due to his activities in Facebook.

According to the report of Human Rights Activists News Agency (HRANA), A Dehdashti resident, Bahman Tafazoli, was detained by the IRGC (Revolutionary Guards) Intelligence after being summoned to the intelligence headquarters of IRGC due to his activities in Facebook, on February 20, 2014.

According to his relatives, he was sent to Gachsaran prison and currently he is kept there. But his status and his current conditions are not known.

In addition, the news about arrests of three other residents of Dehdasht, Afshin Zemanati, Reza Tejareh and Davood Afrooz was published through virtual networks. They were arrested because of political activities on cyberspace.

Dehdasht is a city in Kohkiloeieh and Boyerahmad province.

7. Free Iranian Net Citizen Amir Sadeghpour, Editor of Narenji Website, And Free The Rest of His Staff

Amir Sadeghpour of Kerman, Iran, editor of the Narenji website and an admin at the health news website Macafzar and also at the IT news website Salemzi, was arrested on December 4, 2013 along with 15 other IT specialists and Net Citizens. This is part of a broader crackdown on netcitizens there. Kerman’s Prosecutor General announced the arrest of nine people linked to foreign media and cyber networks.

Half of those arrested have since been released on bail, the Guardian has learned, but the rest, including Narenji's staff, remain in detention.

Bloggers and activists currently in jail include Aliasghar Honarmand, who is the founder of Narenji, which specialises in gadget news, Abbas Vahedi, Hossein Nozari, Reza Nozari, Amir Sadeghpour, Mehdi Faryabi, Ehsan Paknejad and Malihe Nakhaei.

The head of Kerman's justice department, Ali Tavakoli, alleged this week that those arrested had participated in projects run by the BBC and received funds deriving from London.

Iranian authorities have a deep suspicion of the BBC, especially its Persian service, which they accuse of having a political agenda, and have previously arrested people on charges of working or having links with the broadcaster.

"This gang was running a number of projects and plans for anti-revolutionary Iranians based abroad, especially for the BBC Persian under the guise of legitimate activities," he said during a press conference.

"Financial aid for this group was usually provided from London under the pretext of charitable donations. The director of the team was an individual who has served the BBC as a mentor and teacher in a number of countries such as Malaysia, India and Afghanistan and his travels to these countries was paid for by British intelligence services."

Tavakoli said that those held had confessed to "being tasked with fuelling social tension, spreading doubts and misrepresentations". It was not clear if the eight still in jail had access to lawyers or to their families.

He said: "They were consciously serving the plots designed by the sworn enemies of this country and they deserve to receive the most severe punishment."

The Guardian reported last year that the Iranian authorities had been conducting a smear campaign designed to discredit and intimidate London-based Iranian journalists working for BBC Persian.

A number of BBC Persian staff were victims of false allegations of sexual misconduct, duplicated Facebook accounts, and harassment of their family members in Iran including being summoned by the intelligence officials for questioning. The harassments have continued despite the election of Hassan Rouhani as president.

At least one of the detainees was among the trainees of an award-winning journalism development programme run by the BBC World Service Trust from 2006 to 2010, called ZigZag.

The BBC has denied that those arrested were co-operating with it and said the training programmes mentioned by the Iranian authorities ended four years ago, according to BBC Persian.

Soon after their arrests were made in Kerman, the semi-official Fars news agency, affiliated to the Revolutionary Guards, said the detainees has be in "contact with enemy media based abroad with the aim of producing content for educational websites targeted at citizen-journalists".

Bloggers and activists currently in jail include Aliasghar Honarmand, who is the founder of Narenji, which specialises in gadget news, Abbas Vahedi, Hossein Nozari, Reza Nozari, Amir Sadeghpour, Mehdi Faryabi, Ehsan Paknejad and Malihe Nakhaei.

A former BBC project manager, who did not want to be named, told the Guardian: "I believe the arrests, especially of the Narenji team, to be part of the reaction of the hardliners within the Iranian establishment to the attempts of President Rouhani to move towards the opening up of cyberspace and the media sphere; and to relax the previous rigid attitude towards contacts with foreign institutions."

8. Free Iranian Journalist Nasour Naghipour, Serving Seven Year Prison Sentence

UPDATE MARCH 26, 2013: NASOUR NAGHIPOUR DENIED MEDICAL FURLOUGH - HE HAS GUM DISEASE AND IS UNABLE TO EAT.

HRANA News Agency – As another way of repressions and pressures on political prisoners, the officials of Evin prison refused to give medical furlough to Nasour Naghipoor because Nasour was not wearing prison’s clothes.

According to a report by Human Rights Activists News Agency (HRANA), this political prisoner is suffering of teeth and gums disease who is unable to eat since a few months ago because of lack of vitamins.
His request for medical furlough was granted but because he refused to wear prison’s clothes while he was going to be transferred to hospital the prison officials prevented his transferring to hospital.

Recently his medical furlough request was refused even by providing his father’s house title deed as the bail.

This journalist was summoned to prosecutor’s office of Evin prison on July 10th of 2012 in terms of detention verdict enforcement and since that time he is in ward 350 of the prison.

Nasour Naghipoor was sentenced to seven years imprisonment by Judge Pir Abbas in branch 26 of Tehran revolutionary court on charge of membership in Human Rights Activists in Iran group and propaganda against regime. Also his verdict was confirmed by the provincial appealed.

Nasour Naghipoor is the student of IT and scholar of philosophy and political thoughts who was administrating a website of Farsi articles about humanitarian science.

Naghipoor was fired off from his job last year because of his activities and he is one of the designers of HRANA website.
http://www.en-hrana.org/medical-furlough-of-one-of-hrana-designers-refused

UPDATE, NOVEMBER 11, 2012:

The retrial request of Nasour Naghipour, jailed journalist and cyber activist was rejected by prison’s authorities.

According to a report by Human Rights Activists News Agency (HRANA), after passing 4 months, prison authorities has seized the retrial request of Nasour Naghipour, and the efforts of his family have remained with no result.

Following the Appeals Court’s upholding of the seven years in prison sentence of journalist Nasour Naghipour, he was summoned on July 9th by the Magistrate in Evin prison, where he was arrested and transferred to Ward 350, to start serving his prison term.

Nasour Naghipour who was not a member of the Human Rights Activists Agency in Iran, but was arrested by IRGC’s Intelligence Corps on March 2, 2010 and incarcerated in Ward 2-A of Evin prison, on the charges of designing the website of the Human Rights Activists News Agency.

Journalist and human rights activist Nasour Naghipour was tried and sentenced to seven years in prison, in Branch 26 of the Revolutionary Court, presided by Judge Pirabbasi, on the charges of membership in the Human Rights Activists Agency in Iran and propaganda against the regime. His sentence was upheld by the Appeals Court.

29-year-old Nasour Naghipour, a university student majoring in Information Technology and a researcher in philosophy and political ideologies, was managing a website archiving articles written in Farsi on the field of Humanities.

After 110 days of incarceration in solitary confinement in Ward 2-A of Evin prison, this journalist and human rights activist was released on bail on June 20, 2010.

Naghipour, one of the more well known-figures in designing Farsi websites, had a major role in developing quality content in cyberspace and the blogosphere.

He was also fired at his job due to his activities.

In the early morning hours of March 2, 2010, Iranian security forces launched a wave of arrests of human rights activists in Iran.

Given the unprecedented nature of this organized and orchestrated mass arrests, with it’s axis the Human Rights Activists Agency, was in itself unique and unprecedented.

This wave of mass arrests of the human rights activists in Iran resulted in 46 arrests, more than a cumulative of 67 years and 3 months prison sentences, 24 undecided cases and 10 people indicted and under warrant for arrest.

Also, a large number of people were summoned and interrogated, monetary fines in the millions were issued, large number of activists were fired from their jobs, 6 websites were damaged and 33 sites were blocked and removed from the web.

2011--Iranian journalist and blogger Nasour Naghipour has been convicted and sentenced to seven years in prison for membership in the “Human Rights Activists in Iran” and anti-regime propaganda. However he has never been a member of the aforementioned group and has strongly denied membership in the group.

A Qazvin based journalist, Naghipour, who has no history of political activism, is the author of numerous articles on literary and cultural matters that were published on his blog “Nasour”.

According to RAHANA, he was arrested on March 2, 2009 by the cyber unit of IRGC; one of many arrests carried out extra-judicially on that day across the country. He was released on a $100,000 bail after 110 days of detention, during which time he was isolated from family and lawyers alike and reportedly under great pressure from interrogators. His lawyers, have objected to the verdict and are hoping that the sentence will be reduced.

9. Free Ghorban Behzadian Nejad

On Monday, May 24, 2011 Security agents summoned Ghorban Ali Behzadian Nejad and returned this university professor back to Evin Prison. He had served as the head of Mir Hossein Mousavi's presidential campaign in 2009.

According to Kalame, Behzadian Nejad had been arrested during the events following the contested presidential election results. He was released on bail after several months of enduring solitary confinement in prison. He was subsequently sentenced to 5 years imprisonment. During this time, this university professor who served as adviser to Mir Hossein Mousavi was deprived of his position in the university and suspended of all academic activities.

Dr. Ghorban Behzadian Nejad served as a PhD professor of Microbiology at the Tarbiat Modares University (Teacher’s Training School). He is a scholar who has also contributed to a multitude of cultural activities. Among his previous positions, he served as Deputy Minister of Health, Treatment and Medical Education under the presidency of Mohammad Khatami. He also served as adviser to the Minister of Health for electing presidents of medical universities.

His return to prison came just one day after former president Mohammad Khatami urged the Islamic Republic establishment to move toward a national reconciliation by releasing all political prisoners. Several of Mousavi’s senior aides in the election of 2009 have been arrested and given harsh prison sentences for the charge of acting against national security by alleging fraud in the elections.