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We urge our colleagues in the United States and across the world not to use the politics of the Israel/Palestine conflict to undermine academic freedom. We call for academic freedom to be defended across the board, by and for people on all sides of the Israel/Palestine conflict.
For further information on the petition, see http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2014/01/27/new-statement-seeks-reframe-academic-debate-about-israel-boycott and http://forward.com/articles/191848/academic-freedom-not-boycotts-should-be-focus/.
We also encourage all signatories to give their names - NOT to use the "anonymous" option.
USA & Israel have for many years by falsefying info deceiving the world & illegally target killing, murdering citizens without court trail in any international court of law on sovereign nations, individuals, crossing international boundaries & territories.
UPDATE: JOIN US ON FACEBOOK AND HELP US REACH 1 MILLION!
UPDATE: Israeli Cabinet resolution rejects UN vote on Palestine and affirms Jewish rights in all the Land of Israel.
"The Jewish people have natural, historical, legal rights to its homeland with its eternal capital Jerusalem... The State of Israel as the state of the Jewish people has rights and claims to areas that are under dispute in the land of Israel...The Palestinian Authority's one-sided step at the U.N. constitutes a gross violation of the agreements that have been signed with the State of Israel; accordingly, the Government of Israel rejects the U.N. General Assembly decision."
Dear Elected Officials: Ben Kallos, Carolyn Maloney, Charles Schumer, Kirsten Gillibrand, Micah Kellner, and Jose Serrano:
We, residents of your District and concerned individuals, are deeply troubled by the proposed plan for Cornell University to partner with The Technion – Israel Institute of Technology to build a campus on Roosevelt Island.
We are particularly concerned in light of the most recent Israeli assault on Gaza, which began on November 14, 2012 and lasted 8 days, killing and maiming hundreds, perhaps thousands of civilians including children, and destroying homes and infrastructure.
On November 18, four days into the Israeli assault on Gaza, as civilians were being massacred, Cornell University President David Skorton visited The Technion in Haifa, Israel as “a true friend of the State Israel.” This visit at the height of Israel’s assault shows institutional support by Cornell for Israel’s aggressive attack, and a shameful disregard for Palestinian lives. Skorton’s visit in turn undermines the sincerity of claims he has made that academics should “connect with colleagues in Israel and the Palestinian Territories."
In a clear violation of the First Amendment, a recent peaceful demonstration at Cornell University’s main campus in Ithaca in support of the people of Gaza was aggressively repressed after pro-Israel students contacted the police claiming the gathering violated Cornell’s campus code because it was held without a permit. However, Cornell University’s Campus Code of Conduct clearly states that there is “no need for a mandatory permit” for such outdoor demonstrations.
We understand that New York City needs to invest in education and training opportunities; however, this should not come at the expense of others who are not given that chance and who suffer human rights abuses. The Technion is deeply involved in the development of weaponized and surveillance drones and has joint programs with two of Israel’s largest weapons manufacturers: Rafael Advanced Defense Systems, with which Technion graduates developed the Iron Dome missile defense system used in the recent assault on Gaza; and Elbit Systems, which manufactures Hermes drones used to terrorize and kill civilians in Gaza.
Technologies developed at The Technion and by Technion graduates at companies like these are used to destroy Palestinian houses, farms, business and government buildings, expropriate their water sources, drive them off their land, suppress demonstrations for their rights, and carry out attacks against people in Gaza, the West Bank, Lebanon, and elsewhere in the region. The Technion is thus directly implicated in war crimes. Detailed information and sources can be found on the NYACT website.
You may not know that The Technion practices institutional discrimination against Palestinian students by severely restricting their freedom of speech and assembly and rewarding Jewish students who, unlike the majority of Palestinians, perform compulsory military service in Israel. Not only do these facts contradict New York City and New York State non-discrimination and equal opportunity laws and Cornell University’s own bylaws, they directly contrast the ideals embodied by the recently opened Four Freedoms Park on Roosevelt Island. The park was built to commemorate President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s stated goals of achieving and preserving freedom of speech and expression, freedom of worship, freedom from want, and freedom from fear. When President Roosevelt made that speech in 1941, he said that people “everywhere in the world” ought to enjoy those four freedoms, a sentiment which surely must apply to the Palestinian people, as well as all others.
Now that Cornell NYC Tech has completed the seven-month Uniform Land Use Review Process, there is an urgent need to take a stand. This review process enables an opportunity to express opposition to Cornell’s partnership with The Technion and to stand up for your District community’s interests.
Earth is a beautiful place filled with many beautiful sites, from the Sian Ka'an of Mexico to Himeji Castle in Japan. Such places are given the status of World Heritage Site for their immense cultural and historic significance as well as aesthetic beauty.
There are currently 936 places that have been recognized for these traits, but there is one that is especially deserving of being the 937th.
The Church of the Nativity has to be one of the most culturally and historically significant places on the planet. This site, built in 565 AD (originally built in 333 AD but destroyed in the Samaritan Revolt), marks the birthplace of Jesus of Nazareth, who would go onto become the central figure of Christianity, currently the world's largest religion with more than 2.2 billion adherents.
Christians and non-Christians alike can both agree that Christianity has played a pivotal role in shaping Western culture throughout the centuries, and even the ethics of Christianity as expressed by Jesus shape the framework of many political parties throughout Europe and South America.
The Church of the Nativity personifies and is tangibly associated with a culture that has endured two millenia and a culture that had it never been, our world would look like a completely different place.
Although in summer 2011, Israeli masses protested by the thousands for government solutions to socio-economic issues, specifically the lack of affordable housing, the social justice movement was orchestrated and monopolized by the concerns of the Jewish Israeli middle-class.
In reality, housing issues are the most critical in the Palestinian Arab community, where citizens face systematic discrimination in land ownership, renting and basic services. The Mossawa Center was central in coordinating meetings between Arab community leaders and the Jewish leaders of the socio-economic protest in order to encourage the movement to adopt key demands specific to the Arab community’s needs.
Following the release of the governmental response via the Trachtenberg Committee, it was evident that these demands were not taken seriously.
Last summer was not the first time the Palestinian Arab community’s housing, land and planning issues were brought to the forefront. The international media has intensively covered issues of “disputed land,” especially house demolitions in the occupied Palestinian territories, since the Second Intifada.
In more recent years the international community has also begun to cover the deteriorating situation of the Palestinian Arab Bedouin living in the southern Negev desert. However, it remains understated how common issues of land, housing, and planning are for Palestinian Arab citizens of Israel, including citizens in the North (the Galilee), in the Triangle (the Center) and in mixed cities (Haifa, Akka, Jaffa, Lod, and Ramle). The Or Commission, founded after the events of October 2000, highlighted the housing, land and planning crisis in the Arab community and called on the Israeli government to allocate proportional resources to Arab localities. To this day, the government has not responded to the Commission’s request.
Land, housing, and planning are core issues of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict. In Israel, these issues are the main source and indicator of inequalities amongst different strata of the society, especially amongst the Jewish majority and the Arab minority. According to a number of human rights organizations, fair and affordable housing for all citizens is the responsibility of state government. However Israeli Basic Law, the document that stands in place of a written constitution, does not enshrine the “right to adequate housing.” The Supreme Court does not interpret the “right to human dignity,” which is guaranteed under Israeli Basic Law, to include adequate housing.
According to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, “everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing, and medical care and necessary social services” (Article 25.1).
Since the creation of City Center, Bethlehem’s old city, its merchants, arts and crafts workers, small shops and its soul have disappeared in favour of the monstrous commercial center where all tourists buses are forced to park.
For the sake of social justice, fair distribution of tourism income and the saving of the old city, we urge the Bethlehem Municipality to take steps to revive the Old City of Bethlehem and notably Star Street.
In the past many attempts were made and each have failed as the change has to be organic, has to come from the people and will not be an immediate change.
منذ تأسيس المركز التجاري (المحطة المركزية)، اختفى في مدينة بيت لحم القديمة كثير من التجار والحرفيون والفنانون والمحلات التجارية الصغيرة وتلاشت روحها لصالح المركز التجاري حيث تجبر جميع حافلات السياح والزوار إلى الوقوف.
فمن أجل العدالة الاجتماعية والتوزيع العادل للدخل السياحي بين المواطنين، وإنقاذ المدينة القديمة، فإننا نحث بلدية بيت لحم على اتخاذ خطوات من اجل احياء البلدة القديمة في بيت لحم وخاصة شارع النجمة.
وأيمانا منا بان التغير يجب ان يأتي من الشعب أيضا، نتمنى على اصحاب المحال التجارية التفاعل مع هذه الخطوة لتنشيط البلدة القديمة والتفاعل الايجابي معها.
As is the case with so many others there are very serious, well-founded concerns that the charges brought against the below mentioned were politically motivated.
Israeli administrative detention orders are the subject of review and further appeal by a military court, neither lawyers nor detainees are permitted to see the “secret information” used as a basis for the detention orders.
This violates international human rights law, which permits some limited use of administrative detention in emergency situations, but requires that the authorities follow basic rules for detention, including a fair hearing at which the detainee can challenge the reasons for his or her detention.
1 These minimum rules of due process have been clearly violated in below mentioned cases, leaving them without any legitimate means to defend themselves.
1 International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, Art. 9.
2 Fourth Geneva Convention, Art. 78.
In addition to contradicting international human rights and humanitarian law the administration detention of the below mentioned also violates article 5 (the right to liberty and security) of the European Convention on Human Rights.
It is in this context that I call on you to act and in accordance with international human rights treaties to which Israel is a signatory state, as well as the Israeli Constitution itself, is therefore obligated to undertake the following:
Last November, in international waters, the Israeli navy illegally intercepted two boats bound for the Gaza Strip, Palestine as part of the Freedom Waves to Gaza. One of those boats is the 'Tahrir' which is partly owned by Free Gaza Australia.
The Freedom Waves is an international initiative with the goal of challenging the illegal blockade of Gaza, and bringing humanitarian aid to the civilian population of Gaza in the spirit of the U.N. Security Council Resolution 1860 (2009). In a report dated Sept. 13, 2011, following the release of the Palmer report, four independent UN Human Rights experts concluded that the blockade of Gaza is illegal: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=11363&LangID=E
The 'Tahrir' was carrying much needed medical supplies which have been impounded by the Israeli government.
We are concerned that the Australian government is giving in to pressures from the Israeli government and accepting that it is acting within its right when imposing an inhumane blockade on 1.6 million Palestinians in Gaza and seeking to control international waters.
1. From 2010 to 2011 there was an over 50% increase in cistern demolitions in Area C of the West Bank. International and local NGO’s have underlined this as concerted political strategy to target essential livelihood structures and force the displacement of Palestinians. From 2009 to 2011, nearly four hundred Palestinians were internally displaced as a direct result of the destruction of water, sanitation, and hygiene infrastructure.
2. Israel simultaneously violates its legal obligations as an occupying power under IHL, clearly stated by Article 54 of Protocol 1 of the Geneva Conventions, by not refraining from demolishing objects indispensible to the survival of the civilian population. Israel also violates its obligations as a signatory to international human rights conventions to respect, protect and fulfill the right to water of Palestinians. Additionally, both Israeli and Palestinian authorities issued a joint declaration in 2001, “for keeping water infrastructure out of the cycle of violence,” essentially but ineffectively protecting cisterns.
3. Rain collecting cisterns are essential water sources in Area C of the West Bank - an area which faces chronic water shortages due to lack of infrastructure developments and inadequate resource distribution. The survival of hundreds of Palestinian communities is dependent on cisterns as the main source of water for livestock, crops and domestic use. Cisterns are structures that collect rain water posing neither a threat a threat to the environment, nor is their destruction required by imperative military necessity which under International Law would be the only legal justification.
4. The policies aimed at cistern demolitions should be viewed in the larger context of occupation and the enforcement of a restrictive planning regime controlled by the Israeli military. To date, all structures are subject to a permit procedure which rarely grants Palestinians building permits. This hinders nearly all development in Area C, and puts many structures at risk of being demolished, including cisterns. Rain collecting cisterns should be excluded from the inefficient planning system and should not be subject to demolitions.
5. Urgent action is need now - 2012 will be a critical year for at-risk communities living in Area C, with the High Court of Justice making unprecedented rulings on cases linked to planning and demolitions, greater pressure coming from settler organizations, and over 3,000 outstanding demolitions orders existing today.
Why This Is Important
Aaron (Haroun) Ara was denied refuge for the second time in June 2011. He is one of nearly 750 Palestinian refugees whose asylum applications have been rejected by Norwegian authorities during the last two years. Previously, nearly all Palestinian refugees were granted residence in Norway, but in 2009 this changed dramatically.
For the first time in history, Norwegian authorities changed the terms of immigration targeting a specific group of refugees whose homeland situation had not changed. In addition, the current policy clearly opposes the recommendations of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.
Aaron is a Palestinian refugee who has been refused asylum. During the intifada, he understood that the violent struggle does not lead to anything. So he focused on cultural resistance and knowledge. He worked as a radio host and took an acting education. He criticized, among other things, the Palestinian regime, and do not want people to be divided into two states that sorts people according to culture and religion. He wants a peaceful one state solution, which creates an open society for all.
This fight was not well received, and Aaron's teacher at drama school was among other things, killed by masked men. Aaron fears that he is being persecuted and killed, if he goes back to Palestine.
The Norwegian government believes that despite everything that Palestine is a safe place for Aaron, while Norwegian discourage tourists from traveling there (http://www.norway.org.ps/Norsk/Reiserad/). This is a paradox. In essence, is Aaron a human like us. He is fighting for the same things as us, he is concerned with culture, knowledge and peace. What separates him from us, is that he was born the "wrong" countries - and thus not entitled to the same safety every Norwegian has.
I believe this is a good example we can use. Aaron is a person that people can relate to.
Follow us in Facebook : http://www.facebook.com/groups/231888023525626/
The Palestinian people need our unconditional support. If you visit http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palestinian_State, you can find many countries and people are ready to declare their support for a Palestinian State.
In view of the proposal for Palestine to obtain membership in the United Nations and hence be fully recognized as an independent state, we are circulating this petition to every Mauritians, be it the young as well as the elder people. We do, hereby, humbly request you to fill in your required details and by the beginning of next week; we will send it to the US Embassy of Mauritius, with a letter attached.
We wish to inform you that we are not affiliated to any political parties. We are doing this solely because these people are living as strangers in their own land. Our aim is to create awareness and despite being far from them, we are doing what we can for them. The way they are being treated is really inhuman when in fact, they are human beings like anyone of us and they have their rights as free people.
We take this opportunity to thank you all very much in anticipation for your participation.
Century Welfare Association Youth Wing
NUS must support ending the occupation of Palestine.
Israeli Occupational Force are not only torturing Palestine's Children, but sexually abusing and molesting those children, who are in their custody.
Over 7,000 children had been arrested since September 2000, the beginning of the second Intifada. Some children as young as 10 are treated as harshly as adults, in violation of international law requiring special treatment for children.
Each year approximately 700 Palestinian children, some as young as 12 years, are detained and prosecuted in the Israeli military court system. The most common charge is for throwing stones. The overwhelming majority of these children are detained inside Israel in contravention of Article 76 of the Fourth Geneva Convention.
Stolen Children, Stolen Lives part 1 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9zaeERjVReE&feature=BFa&list=ULuma1ELkEOL0&index=1
Stolen Children, Stolen Lives part 2 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K9mDscNEws4&feature=related
UNICEF: Convention on the Rights of the Child
The articles of the Convention may be grouped into four categories of rights and a set of guiding principles:
1. Guiding principles (http://www.unicef.org/crc/files/Guiding_Principles.pdf): The guiding principles of the Convention include non-discrimination; adherence to the best interests of the child; the right to life, survival and development; and the right to participate. They represent the underlying requirements for any and all rights to be realized.
2. Survival and development rights (http://www.unicef.org/crc/files/Survival_Development.pdf): These are rights to the resources, skills and contributions necessary for the survival and full development of the child. They include rights to adequate food, shelter, clean water, formal education, primary health care, leisure and recreation, cultural activities and information about their rights. These rights require not only the existence of the means to fulfil the rights but also access to them. Specific articles address the needs of child refugees, children with disabilities and children of minority or indigenous groups.
3. Protection rights (http://www.unicef.org/crc/files/Protection_list.pdf): These rights include protection from all forms of child abuse, neglect, exploitation and cruelty, including the right to special protection in times of war and protection from abuse in the criminal justice system.
4. Participation rights (http://www.unicef.org/crc/files/Participation.pdf): Children are entitled to the freedom to express opinions and to have a say in matters affecting their social, economic, religious, cultural and political life. Participation rights include the right to express opinions and be heard, the right to information and freedom of association. Engaging these rights as they mature helps children bring about the realization of all their rights and prepares them for an active role in society.
The Israeli Occupational Force have broken and abused every principle of human rights in respect to the children of Palestine.
Από την νύχτα της Κυριακής προς Δευτέρα 31 Μαΐου 2010, όταν οι ισραηλινές ειδικές ναυτικές δυνάμεις επιτέθηκαν σε διεθνή ύδατα (80 μίλια από τις ακτές του Ισραήλ) στον πολυεθνικό στολίσκο «Freedom Flotilla», σκοτώνοντας 9 συνανθρώπους μας, τραυματίζοντας βαριά δεκάδες άλλους, οδηγώντας στην συνέχεια το σύνολο των συλληφθέντων σε ισραηλινές φυλακές, πέρασε σχεδόν ένας χρόνος.
Οι 38 Έλληνες της Πρωτοβουλίας «Ένα Καράβι για τη Γάζα» που συμμετείχαν στην διεθνή αυτή αποστολή -την δεύτερη σε αριθμό επιβαινόντων αντιπροσωπεία- συνελήφθησαν, κάποιοι υπέστησαν σοβαρούς τραυματισμούς, τα υπάρχοντά τους κλάπηκαν, ενώ τα 2 ελληνικά πλοία της αποστολής, σε αντίθεση με τα τουρκικά πλοία που αποδεσμεύθηκαν σε τρεις μόλις μήνες μετά το πειρατικό συμβάν, βρίσκονται ακόμα, υπό ισραηλινή κατοχή στο λιμάνι της Χάιφας.
Σε όλο τον κόσμο ξέσπασαν τότε ισχυρές αντιδράσεις και κινητοποιήσεις καταγγελίας που οδήγησαν το Ισραήλ σε σχετική απομόνωση και –πρόσκαιρη έστω- διπλωματική αναδίπλωση. Η απόφαση του Δικαστηρίου Ανθρώπινων δικαιωμάτων του ΟΗΕ, που ορίσθηκε από το Συμβούλιο Ασφαλείας, υπήρξε αποκαλυπτική σε ότι αφορά την χρήση άμετρης και αναίτιας βίας.
Οι περισσότερες αποφάσεις των διεθνών οργανισμών ζητούσαν τότε και την άρση του αποκλεισμού της Γάζας ενώ παράλληλα, ορισμένοι από αυτούς, εκπονούσαν σχέδια για την υλοποίησή του. Όμως, και σε αυτή την περίπτωση, δεν έγινε δυνατό να διασφαλιστεί η εφαρμογή των ευνοϊκών για τα στοιχειώδη δικαιώματα και τις βιοτικές ανάγκες του παλαιστινιακού λαού αποφάσεων.
Όμως η Μέση Ανατολή σήμερα αλλάζει. Όποια κι’ αν είναι η εξέλιξη, όποια κι’ αν είναι η νέα γεωπολιτική μορφολογία η πορεία των ανθρώπων της περιοχής προς την χειραφέτησή τους είναι βέβαιο ότι συντελείται. Τα ολιγαρχικά αυταρχικά καθεστώτα που μακροημέρευσαν, στηριζόμενα στην πολύτροπη συνεργασία και συνενοχή των καθ’ ημάς επαιρόμενων για την πολιτική και κοινωνική τους δημοκρατία κρατών, καταρρέουν.
Η Ελληνική Πρωτοβουλία «Ένα Καράβι για τη Γάζα», γενεσιουργός συνιστώσα του κινήματος για το σπάσιμο της 43χρονης πολιορκίας, συμμετέχει και πάλι με τρόπο καθοριστικό στην νέα διεθνή πρωτοβουλία «Freedom Flotilla - Stay Human» στο πλαίσιο μιας νέας, ευρύτερης, ριζικά αναβαθμισμένης, διεθνούς αποστολής.
Πρωτοβουλία «Ένα Καράβι για τη Γάζα» Αθήνα 18 Μάη 2011
Γραφεία: Νοταρά 6, Εξάρχεια – Αθήνα
Since 1948, Israel has denied Palestinians their fundamental rights of freedom, equality, and self-determination through ethnic cleansing, colonization, racial discrimination, and military occupation. Despite abundant condemnation of Israeli policies by the UN, other international bodies, and preeminent human rights organisations, the world community has failed to hold Israel accountable and enforce compliance with basic principles of law. Israel’s crimes have continued with impunity.
In view of this continued failure, Palestinian civil society called for a global citizens’ response. On July 9 2005, a year after the International Court of Justice’s historic advisory opinion on the illegality of Israel’s Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT), a clear majority of Palestinian civil society called upon their counterparts and people of conscience all over the world to launch broad boycotts, implement divestment initiatives, and to demand sanctions against Israel, until Palestinian rights are recognised in full compliance with international law.
As a result of Israel’s war in Gaza, with its death toll of over 1,300 Palestinians and allegations of multiple war crimes, there has been a large upsurge in support for the already growing global campaign for Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) against Israel until it fully complies with its obligations under international law and recognises the fundamental human rights of Palestinians.
The BDS campaign has been endorsed by over 170 Palestinian political parties, organizations, trade unions and movements. The signatories represent the refugees, Palestinians in the OPT, and Palestinian citizens of Israel. It is worth noting that a boycott is also supported by many Israeli citizens and Jewish organizations including European Jews for a Just Peace, Breaking the Law of Return (consisting of over 100 American Jews) Ilan Pappe (Israeli Professor of History based in UK) and Michel Warschawski (Israeli journalist).
Artists who have voiced support for the campaign or cancelled appearances in Israel citing political reasons include musicians Elvis Costello, Brian Eno, Gil Scott Heron, Pete Seeger, The Pixies, Roger Waters, writers Eduardo Galeano and Arundhati Roy, filmmakers Ken Loach and Jean-Luc Godard. In 2010, UNITE, the UK’s largest trade union, unanimously called for BDS.
History ultimately proved the effectiveness and necessity of the boycott campaign in helping bring an end to Apartheid in South Africa. Amid the desperate pleas of Palestinians and concerned Israelis, we can no longer resort to the same discredited arguments that were used against boycotting Apartheid South Africa. The illegal Israeli occupation on Palestine must end.
More information can be found at:
Greens Senator-elect Lee Rhiannon and the NSW Greens are facing a sustained attack from The Australian newspaper over their support for the campaign of Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) against Israel.
BDS is not an “extreme” or “radical” policy, but is a response to the 2005 call by Palestinian unions and other organisations to address Israel’s 44 year-long military occupation of the West Bank and Gaza when United Nations resolutions and appeals to International Law have comprehensively failed to end the occupation. In NSW Labor Party Marrickville councillors supported the BDS motion moved by The Greens.
BDS has received worldwide backing from city councils, film festivals, major unions and figures such as anti-apartheid campaigner, Desmond Tutu. We believe The Australian’s attack on Lee Rhiannon is an attempt to undermine the position of The Greens in the federal parliament and more generally.
Everything begun on 29th of November in 1947 and still this time. Unfortunately, children still breathe the air there that smells of blood. Palestine or Israel, Israel or Palestine?
Nobody still really knows who is right and who is to blame, one thing is clear - to stop this madness. It seems that this war - eternal! We believe that every country deserves to be independent, and Palestine, is not out of question. It seems that everything is difficult. Yes, but we should at least try to change something. Let’s take 20,000 votes and UN will here us.
Let us not be indifferent. We are part of this world and we came to do something. I do not think that somebody likes most things are still resolved in this way- act of violence. Let us try to save Palestine. We need your help!
Periods of the conflict
On the historical timeline, the Israeli–Palestinian conflict has had seven distinct phases:
Late 19th century-1917: The period of the Ottoman Empire rule in Palestine in which the Arabs in The Ottoman Palestine saw themselves as part of the overall Arab territories which were under the rule of the Ottoman Empire. During that period, the disputes were on the basis of religious background and not on national background.
1917-1948: The period of the British Mandate of Palestine, in which both parties were under British rule and under a single political entity, called Palestine in English. During this period significant Jewish immigration from Europe altered the demographic balance. The term "The Israeli–Palestinian conflict" was not used, and instead the conflict was referred to as "the Jewish-Arab conflict over the Land of Palestine" (by the Arab population and the British population), "the Jewish-Arab conflict over Erez-Israel" (by the Jewish population).
1948-1967: The period between the declaration of the State of Israel and the Six-Day War in which the parties resided in three separate political entities: The State of Israel, the Gaza Strip which was controlled by Egypt and the West Bank which was annexed to Jordan.
1967: The Six-Day War: Border clashes between Syria and Israel
First Day: Combined air attacks on all fronts by Israel in early morning destroy two-thirds of Arab aircraft.
Second Day: Paratroops move from Ammunition Hill to Mt. Scopus (Jerusalem).
Third Day: Old City liberated, the West Bank is controlled, and Israeli military government is established.
Fourth Day: Israel reaches Suez Canal.
Fifth Day: Battles continue, mostly up north.
Sixth Day: Cease fire proclaimed, Israel controls Golan Heights and demilitarizes Jerusalem area.
1967-1993: The period between the Six-Day War and the Oslo Accords, in which the conflicted parties reside in the areas addressed by the UN Partition Plan that were under the control of the State of Israel.
1993-2000: The period between the Oslo Accords and the Second Intifada, in which Israel existed alongside the semi-sovereign political autonomy - the Palestinian Authority.
2000–2005: The period between the beginning of the Second Intifada up until 2005, in which Israel returned to perform arresting operations in Area A zones in the West Bank.
2005–Present: The period after Israel's unilateral withdrawal from the Gaza Strip. The withdrawal led to the strengthening of Hamas, which in 2006 won an election, then took control over the Gaza Strip.
"Why Palestine? Because it is a just cause, a noble ideal, a moral quest for equality and human rights".
What kind of future do we see? The future should be better than the past and the present. Because life is about evolution and growth.
It is about equality and human rights. We invite the international community including Israelis to join us.
According to Israeli police, 1200 Palestinian children have been arrested, interrogated and imprisoned in the occupied city of Jerusalem alone this year. The youngest of these children was seven-years old.
Children and teen-agers were often dragged out of their beds in the middle of the night, taken in handcuffs for questioning, threatened, humiliated and many were subjected to physical violence while under arrest as part of an ongoing campaign against the children of Palestine. Since the year 2000, more than 8000 have been arrested by Israel, and reports of mistreatment are commonplace.
Further, based on sworn affidavits collected in 2009 from 100 of these children, lawyers working in the occupied West Bank with Defense Children International, a Geneva-based non governmental organization, found that 69% were beaten and kicked, 49% were threatened, 14% were held in solitary confinement, 12% were threatened with sexual assault, including rape, and 32% were forced to sign confessions written in Hebrew, a language they do not understand.
Minors were often asked to give names and incriminate friends and relatives as a condition of their release. Such institutionalized and systematic mistreatment of Palestinian children by the state of Israel is a violation international law and specifically contravenes the Convention on the Rights of the Child to which Israel is supposedly a signatory.
Israelis and Palestinians are again beginning "direct talks" about "Middle East Peace". The "direct talks" are yet another episode in nearly 20 years of talks, plans and negotiations, which include the Madrid Conference, the Oslo Accords, the Camp David Summit, the Taba Summit, the Mitchell Report, the Zinni Plan, the Red Sea Summit, the Roadmap and the Anapolis Conference, among other failed initiatives, frameworks and meetings.
But worse than having failed to achieve peace, as conducted, "negotiations" have often undermined the cause of peace between Israelis and Palestinians by providing a curtain behind which violations of Palestinian rights, including home demolitions, land confiscation and settlement construction, have occurred.
To avoid repeating this outcome, the United States should insist that Israel respect Palestinian rights and begin to free the Palestinian people by ending Israel's occupation, regardless of the existence of "direct talks". Such actions require no talks at all, will advance genuine Israeli-Palestinian peace, and will enhance the image and security of the United States in the Middle East and beyond.
For more information on the American Association for Palestinian Equal Rights, please visit http://www.americansforpalestine.org
For generations, long before the 1967 war that led to the occupation of the West Bank, the Bedouins let their sheep graze on their land, in the north of the Jordan Valley. These shepherds are very poor. But they do not complain.
The difficulties for the inhabitants began in the 1970s, when the village was declared a closed Israeli military zone. Some years later the Jewish settlements of Ro’i and Beka’ot were founded in the east of their land. Since then, Israel has imposed harsh restrictions on building and movement there that apply to Palestinians, effectively pushing them to leave area.
نحن الموقعين ادناه، ندعو المؤسسات الرسمية اللبنانية، التشريعية والتنفيذية الى اعادة النظر بالقوانين الراهنة، التي تحرم اخوتنا اللاجئين الفلسطينيين من أبسط الحقوق الانسانية. عبر تشريعات قانونية تأخذ بالاعتبار الوضع الخاص للاجئين الفلسطينيين في لبنان، باعتبارهم جزء من شعب شقيق يختلف واقعهم عن بقية الرعايا العرب الموجودين في لبنان، بما يشمل منحهم الحقوق الاقتصادية والاجتماعية، كما أقرتها مواثيق حقوق الانسان، خاصة حق العمل، من خلال الغاء اجازة العمل، واستثناء الفلسطينيين من مبدأ المعاملة بالمثل، اضافة الى الضمانات الاجتماعية، وحق التملك لمأوى لحين العوده، والاعتراف القانوني بمن لا يملكون أوراق ثبوتية.
ان اقرار هذه الحقوق يشكل اسهاماً فعلياً في صيانه حق العودة، والهوية الوطنية للاجئين، بما يعزز الموقف المشترك برفض التوطين والتهجير والتمسك بحق العودة وفقاً للقرار
Israeli forces killed humanitarian activist Rachel Corrie who was trying to stop destruction of a doctors home in Palestine.
They killed humanitarian activist Furkan Dogan who was a member of the freedom flotilla and onboard the Mavi Marmara. He was killed in international waters near Gaza while attempting to deliver humanitarian aid to Gaza.
On 30th May 2010, under the cover of darkness, the Israeli military hijacked the Free Gaza Movement flotilla in international waters. During this illegal act of what can only be described as piracy, at least 15 international peace activists were killed and scores were wounded.
The ship was carrying tons of desperately needed humanitarian aid for the besieged people of Gaza. The items on board the ships included water purification equipment, cement, generators, prefabricated homes, chocolate, crayons, wheelchairs, crutches, basketballs, and tons of paper to be used by schoolkids.
There was absolutely no need for Israel to attack this ship and murder unarmed peace activists.
The Palestinian Return Centre (PRC) expresses its deep apprehension and anger over the BBC coverage regarding freedom Flotilla.
The Freedom Flotilla which is a mere humanitarian mission has been covered by a wide range of western media outlets in the last few days. The BBC started to speak about the Boats of the flotilla only in the last 2 days.
In most of its coverage BBC depended on Israeli sources whilst the Palestinian side has been ignored. PRC suggests that such coverage harm the image of BBC and could classify it as an alternative for some Israeli media outlets.
PRC and part of its day-to-day monitoring for BBC observed the following:
On one of its today’s article BBC gave a space for the Israeli side while it has ignored the Palestinian side. The official account of Israel though, Danny Ayalon, Israeli deputy foreign minister was presented, which stated that organizers’ intent was violent. The article mentioned that 'Guns and knives' were used by the civilian passengers.
The great exposure of Israeli account continued on the BBC breakfast and its running news casts.
Spokespersons and Israeli officials were given a chance to justify the Israeli attack. BBC reporters in Israel also contribute to this dilemma as they only speak out what they get from the official Israeli sources.
PRC call on BBC to stand neutral and give up its routine policies of quickly admitting and giving a space for the Israeli narrative.
BBC spokesperson, told PRC that, 'We are unable to respond as we have not been given the courtesy of detailed evidence of any accusation.'
However, PRC told the spokesperson of the above mentioned coverage and the time of the news casts.
Around 20 activists massacred, dozens injured, as Tel-Aviv Apartheid regime opens fire on Gaza-bound humanitarian aid flotilla on international waters.
Hundreds of unarmed Turkish and Arab civilians, dozens of foreign journalists, European parliament members, British and American nationals, Jewish activists against Israel, 50 women and a one year old baby were in the boats.
A priest and Muslim cleric among the critically wounded by the Israeli gunfire.